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Table 3 Out patient suspected malaria patients investigation and treatment at the 21 intervention peripheral health facilities II & III after introduction of rapid diagnostic tests between Julys - December 2007 in five districts of Uganda

From: Use of RDTs to improve malaria diagnosis and fever case management at primary health care facilities in Uganda

Parameter or measurement July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
OPD attendances 14,940 15,354 10,927 13,265 9,561 10,737
Presumed malaria 8,041 7,733 5,844 6,576 5,430 5,412
(%)* (40%) (41%) (40%) (37%) (42%) (40%)
Anti-malaria prescriptions 5,143 5,550 3,815 4121 3,486 3,814
RDT-negative treated 871 1,056 787 828 585 534
% RDT negatives 35.0 34.4 33.9 29.4 27.3 29.0
treated as malaria(CI) (20-50) (19-50) (23-45) (19-40) (15-39) (19-39)
Risk ratio^ 0.71[0.53-0.96] 0.60[0.58-0.63] 0.64[0.48-0.87] 0.59[0.42-083] 0.68[0.50-0.92] 0.67[0.46-0.97]
p-value 0.029 <0.001 0.008 0.004 0.023 0.05
  1. *Proportion of all Out-Patients that presented with symptoms suggestive of malaria
  2. ^ Risk ratio comparing anti-malarials prescribed in the observation arm and intervention arms