Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Data of Anopheles gambiae collected during 4 months after IRS treatment (September 2007 to January 2008)

From: Bendiocarb, a potential alternative against pyrethroid resistant Anopheles gambiae in Benin, West Africa

Treatments Month Number of females caught Exophily (%) Blood feeding (%) Immediate mortality (%) Overall mortality (%)
Rate Conf Lim Rate Conf Lim Rate Conf Lim Rate Conf Lim
  1 62 16,12 a - 32,25 a - 0 a - 3,22 a -
  2 73 27,39a - 13,69a - 0a - 2,73a -
Control 3 73 6,84 a - 10,95 a - 0 a - 4,10 a -
  4 49 42,85a - 10,20a - 0a - 6,12a -
  1 60 25 b [21,92-28,16] 25 b [21,92-28,16] 50 e [43,86-56,31] 81,66 d [76,23-87,20]
  2 48 33,33b [28,28-38,31] 10,41a [2,43-18,19] 72,91d [67,44-78,50] 81,25d [68,78-94,14]
Bend 3 72 51,38 e [45,40-57,37] 8,33 a [8,33-8,33] 69,44 c [63,47-75,40] 77,77 c [71,79-83,76]
  4 46 63,04d [54,68-71,42] 4,34a [-5,11-14,01] 10,86b [1,82-19,85] 47,82d [35,72-60,11]
Delta 1 60 38,33 c [29,55-47,26] 16,66 d [7,31-19,24] 25 b [21,92-28,16] 66,66 b [62,45-70,95]
  2 52 71,15d [68,80-73,47] 9,61a [1,57-17,60] 7,69b [-0,9385-16,4] 67,30c [59,88-74,76]
  3 63 23,80 b [23,81-23,81] 6,34 a [-0,48-13,17] 6,34 a [-0,48-13,17] 22,22 b [15,39-29,05]
  4 32 46,87ab [40,44-53,49] 9,37a [8,09-10,70] 3,12a [-10,00-16,07] 28,12b [24,26-32,09]
  1 60 35 c [30,70-39,42] 18,33 c [10,71-26,02] 26,66 b [22,15-31,11] 78,33 c [71,68-81,75]
  2 82 59,75c [57,66-61,82] 12,19a [7,60-16,73] 39,02c [34,39-43,65] 60,97b [56,34-65,60]
α-Cyper 3 78 42,30 d [42,31-42,31] 5,12 a [-0,37-10,63] 3,84 a [3,85-3,85] 24,35 b [18,85-29,86]
  4 34 55,88bcd [38,81-73,31] 5,88a [-6,97-19,10] 29,41c [14,60-44,47] 35,29c [31,01-39,70]
  1 70 27,14 b [22,70-31,53] 24,28 b [18,65-29,90] 42,85 c [40,28-45,47] 85,71 d [80,54-90,96]
  2 43 67,44d [58,43-76,49] 11,62a [1,95-21,23] 74,4d [65,25-83,63] 83,72d [75,62-91,99]
Féni 3 54 22,22 b [19,18-25,34] 3,7 b [-4,31-11,73] 68,51 c [56,65-80,65] 90,74 d [76,47-105,37]
  4 45 51,11bc [41,55-60,66] 4,44a [-5,11-14,01] 71,11d [61,55-80,66] 77,77f [65,99-85,11]
  1 80 25 b [20,89-29,07] 26,25 b [24,84-27,68] 46,25 d 41,64-50,86] 81,25 d [72,79-89,80]
  2 68 58,82c [53,40-64,26] 8,82a [8,28-9,40] 70,58d [66,09-75,15] 82,35d [76,92-90,67]
Chlor- Delta 3 67 35,82 c [33,56-38,09] 4,47 b [4,19-4,77] 61,19 b [55,50-66,89] 88,05 d [81,93-94,21]
  4 49 57,14cd [45,17-60,66] 2,04b [-6,88-11,05] 28,57c [20,57-36,53] 63,26e [60,07-66,41]
  1. Bend: Bendiocarb; Delta: Deltaméthrin; α-Cyper: Alpha-cyperméthrin; Féni: Fénitrothion; Chlor- Delta: Chlorpyriphos + Deltaméthrin.
  2. Conf Lim: 95% confiance limits
  3. For a same parameter of the table, values which carry different letters in exposant were significantly differents (p < 0, 05).