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Table 1 Health facility and patient characteristics in malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT) evaluation in Blantyre, Malawi, 2009

From: Comparative field performance and adherence to test results of four malaria rapid diagnostic tests among febrile patients more than five years of age in Blantyre, Malawi

RDT name Bioline SD First response malaria ICT diagnostics Paracheck Total P value*
Health centre name Mdeka (N = 476) Lilangwe (N = 508) Chileka (N = 683) Bangwe (N = 573) Mdeka (N = 333) (N = 2,573)  
Health facility characteristics        
   Location Rural Rural Semi-urban Urban Rural   
   Person performing RDT CHW CHW Laboratory Technician Laboratory Technician CHW   
Patient characteristics        
   Female 59% 60% 59% 56% 65% 59% 0.13
   Child 5-15 years old 44% 56% 37% 36% 30% 42% < 0.001
Owns a mosquito net Used a mosquito net the previous night 54% 50% 62% 63% 51% 48% 43% 41% 58% 61% 53% 52% < 0.001 < 0.001
   Self treated with antimalarial in past 2 weeks 8% 5% 29% 8% 2% 12% < 0.001
   Presumptive malaria diagnosis 100% 99% 27% 92% 100% 89% < 0.001
   Local microscopy positive na na 69% 29% na 51% < 0.001
   RDT positive 76% 72% 53% 25% 66% 56% < 0.001
   Expert microscopy positive 41% 40% 16% 3% 34% 25% < 0.001
  1. * Statistical testing using chi square test for trend
  2. Local microscopy available only in Chileka and Bangwe Health Centres
  3. CHW = Community health worker