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Table 3 Numbers of false-positive test lines for the different Plasmodium antigens of the RDTs when run with distilled water in absence of blood sample

From: Buffer substitution in malaria rapid diagnostic tests causes false-positive results

RDT target antigen Numbers of RDT brands (n = 27) detecting the target Numbers of false positive test lines Numbers of false positive test lines according to test line intensity
Faint Weak Medium Strong
HRP-2 21 11 2 5 3 1
Pf-pLDH 5 2 1 1 0 0
Pv-pLDH 9 1 1 0 0 0
Pan-pLDH 14 6 1 4 1 0
Aldolase 3 2 1 1 0 0