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Table 1 Retinopathy in different types of Severe Malaria

From: Retinopathy in severe malaria in Ghanaian children - overlap between fundus changes in cerebral and non-cerebral malaria

  CM (n = 26) SA (n = 26) RD (n = 6) CM with convulsion (n = 22) CM without convulsion (n = 4)
Any retinophaty 19 (73%) 14 (54%) 3 (50%) 15 (68%) 4 (100%)
Retinal whitening 11 (42%) 2 (8%) 0 (0%) 8 (36%) 3 (75%)
Cotton wool spots 3 (12%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 3 (14%) 0 (0%)
Papilloedema 6 (23%) 6 (23%) 0 (0%) 5 (23%) 1 (25%)
Macular whitening 10 (39%) 7 (27%) 1 (17%) 9 (41%) 1 (25%)
Macular haemorrhage 1 (4%) 2 (8%) 0 (0%) 1 (5%) 0 (0%)
Retinal haemorrhage 11 (42%) 7 (27%) 2 (33%) 10 (46%) 1 (25%)
Vessel abnormalities 9 (35%) 6 (22%) 1 (17%) 6 (27%) 3 (75%)
  1. CM = Cerebral Malaria, SA = Malaria with severe anaemia, RD = Malaria with respiratory distress