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Table 1 Characteristics of 2050 Ghanaian children at 15 months of age, i.e. six month after the third dose of IPTi-SP

From: Multiplicity of Plasmodium falciparum infection following intermittent preventive treatment in infants

Parameter Tamale Afigya Sekyere P
No. 1086 964  
Proportion girls (%) 50.2 49.3 0.68
Examination for present study (15 months of age) in rainy season (%) 89.6 49.3 < 0.0001
SP group : placebo group 542 : 544 485 : 479 0.86
Current P. falciparum infection    
   by microscopy (%; n/n) 11.0 (119/1084) 24.3 (229/944) < 0.0001
   GMPD (parasites/μL, 95%CI) 2312 (1599-3344) 1455 (1105-1917) 0.03
   by PCR (%) 23.6 (248/1049) n.a. -
Current malaria episode (%, n/n) 7.4 (80/1084) 11.3 (107/944) 0.002
Febrile (%, n/n) 12.8 (138/1082) 6.1 (59/964) < 0.0001
History of fever within 48 h (%, n/n) 31.7 (344/1086) 31.8 (307/964) 0.93
Haemoglobin (g/dL; mean, range) 8.91 (4.7-12.7) 9.90 (2.0-15.0) < 0.0001
Proportion anaemic (Hb < 11 g/dL; %, n/n) 94.0 (1019/1084) 74.4 (715/961) < 0.0001
Proportion severely anaemic (Hb < 7 g/dL; %, n/n) 8.0 (87/1084) 4.9 (47/961) 0.004
Proportion with prior episode(s) of malaria (%, n/n) 47.4 (515/1086) 57.6 (555/964) < 0.0001
No. of previous malaria episodes (mean, range) 0.67 (0-5) 1.23 (0-7) < 0.0001
  1. GMPD, geometric mean parasite density; Hb, haemoglobin; n.a., not available