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Table 1 General characteristics and laboratory results on admission of patients with various species of malaria. Data are given as median (range).

From: Neopterin and procalcitonin are suitable biomarkers for exclusion of severe Plasmodium falciparum disease at the initial clinical assessment of travellers with imported malaria

  Non-P. falciparum P. falciparum
   Uncomplicated Severe
  (n = 26) (n = 64) (n = 14)
Demographics    
Male/female 20/6 51/13 6/8
Age, years 40 (17-62) 40 (11-67) 40 (26-57)
Continent of acquisition    
Africa 12 (46%) 60 (94%) 12 (86%)
Asia 9 (35%) 3 (5%) 1 (7%)
South America 5 (19%) 1 (2%) 1 (7%)
Vital signs on admission    
Body temperature, °C 38.8 (36.1-41.5) 38.7 (36.1-40.6) 38.8 (36.8-40.6)
Pulse rate, beats per minute 90 (60-130) 95 (68-120) 108 (78-140)
Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg 123 (100-196) 120 (95-185) 118 (80-160)
Laboratory data on admission    
Parasite load, throphozoites/μl ND 5,502 (1.0-385,000) * 205,600 (80,500-860,000)
Plasma lactate, mmol/l 1.4 (0.7-3.0) * 1.5 (0.5-4.4) * 2.6 (0.9-5.8)
Haemoglobin, mmol/l 8.2 (6.1-10.1) 8.7 (5.3-11.1) * 7.6 (3.8-10.2)
Leucocytes, × 109/l 5.2 (1.9-9.3) 5.5 (1.8-11.3) 6.6 (3.2-18.5)
Platelets, × 109/l 93.0 (10.0-205.0) * 78.5 (16.0-247.0) * 27.0 (3.0-152.0)
C-reactive protein, mg/l 86.5 (18.0-208.0) * 109.0 (5.0-278.0) * 190.0 (91.0-265.0)
Serum creatinine, μmol/l 94.0 (66.0-149.0) 103.5 (63.0-208.0) 102.5 (70.0-199.0)
Total bilirubin, μmol/l 24.0 (6.0-84.0) * 25.0 (7.0-164.0) * 54.0 (20.0-269.0)
  1. p-values as compared with severe P. falciparum malaria.
  2. * indicates p < 0.01
  3. ND, not done