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Table 1 Mean number of An. gambiae s.l. (± SE) females and males caught in seven replicates using fruits and seedpods of 26 plant species as attractants.

From: Field experiments of Anopheles gambiae attraction to local fruits/seedpods and flowering plants in Mali to optimize strategies for malaria vector control in Africa using attractive toxic sugar bait methods

  Females Males
Plant species Mean ± SE P Attraction indexa Mean ± SE P Attraction indexa
P. guajava 14.00 ± 2.52 < 0.01 5.83 9.00 ± 2.16 < 0.01 5.63
C. melo 8.00 ± 1.60 < 0.01 3.33 5.57 ± 1.27 < 0.05 3.48
P. reticulatum 7.43 ± 1.71 < 0.05 3.10 5.71 ± 1.43 < 0.05 3.57
F. thonningii 6.29 ± 1.05 < 0.05 2.62 4.14 ± 1.12 < 0.05 2.59
D. mespipiformis 6.00 ± 1.62 NS 2.50 3.43 ± 0.78 NS 2.14
B. aegyptiaca 5.86 ± 1.48 NS 2.44 3.86 ± 0.98 NS 2.41
T. indica 5.71 ± 1.29 NS 2.38 4.00 ± 1.00 NS 2.5
S. officinarum 5.57 ± 0.81 < 0.05 2.33 3.71 ± 0.87 NS 2.32
A. albida 5.00 ± 0.97 NS 2.08 4.71 ± 1.54 < 0.05 2.94
Z. mauritiana 4.57 ± 0.91 NS 1.90 3.29 ± 0.56 NS 2.06
C. papaya 3.71 ± 0.90 NS 1.55 3.14 ± 0.72 NS 1.96
G. bicolor 3.29 ± 0.81 NS 1.37 2.14 ± 0.50 NS 0.86
C. colocynthis 3.14 ± 0.76 NS 1.31 2.00 ± 0.53 NS 1.25
A. macrostachya 3.00 ± 0.78 NS 1.25 1.86 ± 0.55 NS 1.16
A. sieberiana 3.00 ± 0.62 NS 1.25 1.43 ± 0.46 NS 0.89
A. comosus 2.86 ± 0.55 NS 1.19 1.57 ± 0.40 NS 0.98
P. dactylifera 2.86 ± 0.44 NS 1.19 1.43 ± 0.66 NS 0.89
A. nilotica 2.71 ± 1.07 NS 1.13 2.29 ± 0.45 NS 1.43
M. paeadisiaca 2.57 ± 1.13 NS 1.07 1.71 ± 0.66 NS 1.07
C. sinensis 2.57 ± 1.13 NS 1.07 1.29 ± 0.39 NS 0.81
S. vescum 2.57 ± 0.81 NS 1.07 1.14 ± 0.44 NS 0.71
M. acuminata 2.43 ± 0.62 NS 0.94 1.71 ± 0.56 NS 1.07
M. domestica 2.29 ± 0.70 NS 0.95 1.86 ± 0.76 NS 1.16
A. seyal 2.29 ± 0.77 NS 0.95 1.43 ± 0.52 NS 0.89
C. lanatus 2.14 ± 0.80 NS 0.89 1.57 ± 0.62 NS 0.98
C. aurantium 2.14 ± 0.50 NS 0.89 1.14 ± 0.50 NS 0.71
Control       
water 2.40 ± 0.61 - 1.00 1.60 ± 0.52 - 1.00
sugar solution 2.75 ± 0.67 = 0.47 1.15 1.50 ± 0.55 = 0.84 0.94
  1. a Attraction index: mean baited/mean baited by water-soaked sponge (control)
  2. NS-not significantly different from water-soaked sponge mean catch (t-test).