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Table 2 Mean number of An. gambiae s.l. (± SE) females and males caught in six replicates using 26 flowering plant species as attractants.

From: Field experiments of Anopheles gambiae attraction to local fruits/seedpods and flowering plants in Mali to optimize strategies for malaria vector control in Africa using attractive toxic sugar bait methods

  Females Males
Plant species Mean ± SE P Attraction indexa Mean ± SE P Attraction indexa
A. macrostachya 105.83 ± 16.12 < 0.01 19.24 41.33 ± 9.18 < 0.01 14.76
A. albida 76.83 ± 12.35 < 0.01 13.97 27.83 ± 7.30 < 0.05 9.94
B. angustifolia 64.00 ± 9.69 < 0.01 11.64 34.67 ± 6.88 < 0.01 12.38
Z. mauritiana 51.17 ± 12.64 < 0.05 9.30 22.33 ± 7.37 < 0.05 7.98
G. senegalensis 36.67 ± 8.29 < 0.05 6.67 18.83 ± 4.32 < 0.05 6.73
A. senegal 23.67 ± 4.16 < 0.05 4.30 13.17 ± 2.73 < 0.05 4.70
A. nilotica 19.83 ± 4.41 < 0.05 3.61 11.83 ± 2.42 < 0.05 4.23
L. pyrotechnica 16.17 ± 4.09 < 0.05 2.94 12.50 ± 2.91 < 0.05 4.46
Crotalaria sp. 9.17 ± 1.74 < 0.05 1.67 8.67 ± 2.57 NS 3.10
G. gynandra 8.50 ± 1.61 NS 1.55 5.33 ± 1.28 NS 1.90
M. scaber 7.83 ± 2.00 NS 1.42 3.83 ± 0.40 NS 1.37
C. tora 7.00 ± 1.24 NS 1.27 3.5 ± 0.72 NS 1.25
R. communis 6.50 ± 1.71 NS 1.18 3.67 ± 1.43 NS 1.31
C. occidentalis 6.33 ± 1.28 NS 1.15 4.00 ± 0.63 NS 1.43
C. siamea 6.17 ± 1.76 NS 1.12 2.50 ± 1.06 NS 0.89
S. indicum 6.00 ± 1.24 NS 1.09 3.17 ± 0.83 NS 1.13
S. hermontheca 5.67 ± 1.15 NS 1.03 2.00 ± 0.45 NS 0.71
R. adenophylla 5.67 ± 1.17 NS 1.03 3.00 ± 0.73 NS 1.07
P. acculeata 5.50 ± 0.92 NS 1.00 2.67 ± 0.49 NS 0.95
M. ciliatum 5.33 ± 1.33 NS 0.97 3.33 ± 0.61 NS 1.19
C. zambesicus 5.17 ± 1.14 NS 0.94 2.33 ± 0.67 NS 0.83
J. tamnifolia 4.83 ± 1.01 NS 0.88 2.33 ± 0.92 NS 0.83
H. sabdarifa 4.83 ± 0.65 NS 0.88 2.17 ± 0.48 NS 0.78
C. procera 4.67 ± 1.23 NS 0.85 2.50 ± 1.02 NS 0.89
I. astragalina 4.33 ± 0.99 NS 0.79 2.83 ± 0.60 NS 1.01
H. suaveolens 2.00 ± 0.58 < 0.05 0.36 0.33 ± 0.20 < 0.05 0.12
Control       
water 5.5 ± 0.90 - 1.00 2.79 ± 0.68 - 1.00
sugar solution 5.93 ± 1.12 = 0.63 1.08 3.21 ± 0.72 = 0.44 1.15
  1. a Attraction index: mean baited/mean baited by water-soaked sponge (control)
  2. NS-not significantly different from water-soaked sponge mean catch (t-test).