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Table 3 Characteristics of the two case study populations.

From: A method of active case detection to target reservoirs of asymptomatic malaria and gametocyte carriers in a rural area in Southern Province, Zambia

  Choma Namwala P-value (Fisher's Exact)
Total Homesteads Screened 10 13  
Mean no. people screened 8.7 7.6  
per homestead (median = 8; min = 3, max = 16) (median = 6; min = 3, max = 19)  
N 87 99  
≤ 5 years old (%) 20 (23.0) 26 (26.3)  
> 5 years old (%) 67 (77.0) 73 (73.7)  
Mean age    
≤ 5 years old (range) 2.6 (0-5) 2.5 (0-5) 0.61
> 5 years old (range) 22.33 (6-77) 21.17 (6-69)  
Sex, n male (%) 44 (50.6) 42 (42.4) 0.26
≤ 5 years old 11 (55.0) 10 (38.5)  
> 5 years old 33 (49.0) 32 (43.8)  
Reported taking malaria 0 0  
meds in last 2 weeks (%)    
Self reported bed net use (%) 36/58 (62.1) 46/60 (76.7) 0.085
≤ 5 years old 10/18 (55.6) 13/15 (86.7) 0.07
> 5 years old 26/40 (65.0) 33/45 (73.3) 0.48
Reported ever IRS (%) 8/86 (9.3) 0/99 (0)  
Malaria Diagnosis    
RDT +ve (%) 2/87 (2.3) 3/98 (3.1) 0.56
≤ 5 years old 0/20 (0) 0/25 (0)  
> 5 years old 2/67 (3.0) 3/73 (4.1) 1.0
PCR +ve (%) 7/87 (8.0) 6/99 (6.1) 0.77
≤ 5 years old 3/20 (15) 0/26 (0) 0.08
> 5 years old 4/67 (6.0) 6/73 (8.2) 0.75
RT-PCR +ve (%) 2/87 (2.9) 2/99 (2.0) 0.64
≤ 5 years old 1/20 (5.0) 0/26 (0) 0.43
> 5 years old 1/67 (1.5) 2/73 (2.7) 1.0