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Table 5 Clinical outcomes and the detection of P. falciparum at deliverya

From: Comparison of real-time PCR and microscopy for malaria parasite detection in Malawian pregnant women

  I II III p-valueb
  Microscopy-positive/ pfldh- positive (n = 10) Microscopy-negative/ pfldh -positive (n = 41) Both tests negative (n = 408) I v. III II v. III
Birth weight, g, mean (SD) 2,863 (425) 2,927 (445) 2,954 (492) 0.561 0.736
Low birth weight, % (No.) 10 (1) 19.5 (8) 11.5 (47) 1 0.138
Gestational age at delivery, weeks, mean (SD) 39.2 (2.5) 38.7 (1.6) 38.8 (1.8)c 0.507 0.835
Preterm delivery, % (No.) 10 (1) 14.6 (6) 11.6 (49) c 1 0.611
  1. a SD: standard deviation. Low birth weight is defined as < 2500 g, and preterm delivery as < 37 weeks.
  2. b Determined by student's t-test or chi-squared test for continuous and categorical variables, respectively.
  3. c n = 423.