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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and the use of three major anti-malarial drugs

From: Factors determining anti-malarial drug use in a peri-urban population from malaria holoendemic region of western kenya

Demographic factors Drugs taken Duration of use Dosage of use
   SP ACT Quinine Correct Incorrect Correct Incorrect
Age <13 years 98 (37.4%) 86 (32.8%) 20 (7.6%) 159 (60.7%) 103 (39.3%) 202 (77.1%) 60 (22.9%)
 13 years 49 (36.3%) 41 (30.4%) 8 (5.9%) 69 (51.1%) 51 (48.9%) 102 (75.6%) 33 (24.4%)
Gender Male 67 (36.6%) 60 (32.8) 16 (8.7%) 104 (56.8%) 79 (43.2%) 146 (79.8%) 37 (20.2%)
  Female 80 (37.4%) 67 (31.3%) 12 (5.6%) 124 (57.9%) 90 (42.1%) 158 (73.8%) 56 (26.2%)
Marital status Single 7 (30.4%) 6 (26.1%) 2 (8.7%) 14 (60.9%) 9 (39.1%) 18 (78.3%) 5 (21.7%)
  Married 31 (31.2%) 31 (35.2%) 3 (3.4%) 50 (56.8%) 38 (43.2%) 67 (76.1%) 21 (23.9%)
  Separated 1 (50.0%) 0 0 0 (0.00%) 2 (100%) 1 (50.0%) 1 (50.0%)
  Widowed 5 (41.7%) 0 3 (25.0%) 8 (66.7%) 4 (33.3%) 8 (66.7%) 4 (33.3%)
  Underage 102 (37.6%) 90 (33.2%) 20 (7.4%) 155 (57.3%) 116 (42.8%) 209 (77.1%) 62 (22.9%)
HH head Husband 108 (40.4%) 88 (33.0%) 13(4.9%) 161 (60.3%) 106 (39.7%) 205 (76.8%) 62 (23.2%)
  Wife 24 (31.6%) 25 (32.9%) 9 (11.8%) 35 (46.1%) 41 (53.9%) 58 (76.3%) 18 (23.7%)
  Caretaker 14 (27.5%) 13 (25.5%) 6 (11.8%) 30 (58.8%) 21 (41.2%) 39 (76.5%) 12 (23.5%)
  Others 1 (33.3%) 1 (33.3%) 0 1 (33.3%) 2 (66.7%) 2 (66.7%) 1 (33.3%)
HH size 1-2 32 (39.5%) 27 (33.3%) 4 (4.9%) 42 (51.9%) 39 (48.1%) 59 (72.8%) 22 (27.2%)
  3-5 83 (38.6%) 65 (30.2%) 16 (7.4%) 127 (59.1%) 88 (40.9%) 167 (77.7%) 48 (22.3%)
  6 and above 32 (31.7%) 35 (34.7%) 8 (7.9%) 59 (58.4%) 42 (41.6%) 78 (77.2%) 23 (22.8%)
  1. HH- Household, SP- Sulphadoxine pyremethamine, ACT- Artemether-based combined therapies. Proportionality determined by Chi-square test. From the Table, most respondents used SP and ACT relative to other drugs, with close variations in their use. In addition, more than half of the respondents took the drugs within the correct duration in each case considered, except for households who were headed by wives (46.1%). Furthermore, majority in the different categories used the correct dose as opposed to lower proportions of individuals who used the incorrect dose.