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Table 2 Socio-economic factors and the use of three major anti-malarial drugs

From: Factors determining anti-malarial drug use in a peri-urban population from malaria holoendemic region of western kenya

Socio-economic factors Drugs taken Duration of use Dosage of use
   SP ACT Quinine Correct Incorrect Correct Incorrect
Education level Primary 19 (35.8%) 18 (34.0%) 5 (9.4%) 28 (52.8%) 25 (47.2%) 44 (83.0%) 9 (17.0%)
  Secondary 19 (39.6%) 15 (31.3%) 1 (2.1%) 5 (50.0%) 21 (43.8%) 36 (75.0%) 12 (25.0%)
  Post-Secondary 5 (50.0%) 3 (30.0%) 0 27 (56.3%) 5 (50.0%) 6 (60%) 4 (40.0%)
  Still in school 17 (30.4%) 20 (35.7%) 4 (7.1%) 37 (66.1%) 19 (33.9%) 45 (80.4%) 11(19.6%)
  None 4 (33.3%) 0 1 (8.3%) 10 (83.3%) 2 (16.7%) 8 (66.7%) 4(33.3%)
  Under 6 83 (38.1%) 71 (32.6%) 17(7.8%) 121 (55.5%) 97 (44.5%) 165 (75.7%) 53(24.3%)
HH breadwinner Husband 105 (37.9%) 97 (35.0%) 16 (5.8%) 164 (59.2%) 113 (40.8%) 219 (79.1%) 58 (20.9%)
  Wife 21 (33.3%) 18 (28.6%) 4 (6.3%) 30 (47.6%) 33 (52.4%) 45 (71.4%) 18 (28.6%)
  Others 21 (37.3%) 11 (20.4%) 8 (14.8%) 34 (61.1%) 22 (38.9%) 39 (68.5%) 17 (31.5%)
HH inc. source Salaried 27 (33.8%) 29 (36.3%) 6 (7.5%) 50 (62.5%) 30 (37.5%) 65 (81.3%) 15 (18.8%)
  Self employed 53 (35.3%) 47 (31.3%) 7 (4.7%) 96 (64.0%) 54 (36.0%) 110 (73.3%) 40 (26.7%)
  Petty business 42 (41.6%) 27(26.7%) 11 (10.9%) 51 (50.5%) 50 (49.5%) 79 (78.2%) 22 (21.8%)
  Casual worker 24 (39.3%) 23 (37.7%) 4 (6.6%) 29 (47.5%) 32 (52.5%) 47 (77.0%) 14 (23.0%)
  Farming 1 (50.0%) 1 (50.0%) 0 1 (50.0%) 1 (50.0%) 1(50.0%) 1 (50.0%)
  Others 0 0 0 1(50.0%) 1 (50.0%) 1 (50.0%) 1 (50.0%)
HH monthly inc. Below Ksh.4500 56 (34.4%) 48 (29.4%) 11 (6.7%) 85 (52.1%) 78 (47.9%) 115 (70.6%) 48 (29.4%)
  Ksh.4500-9000 74 (40.2%) 58 (31.5%) 12 (6.5%) 111 (60.3%) 73(39.7%) 147 (79.9%) 37 (20.1%)
  Over Ksh. 9000 17 (35.4%) 21 (43.8%) 4(8.3%) 30 (62.5%) 18 (37.5%) 40 (83.3%) 8 (16.7%)
Ability to read Able to read 121 (38.2%) 114 (36.0%) 20 (6.3%) 181 (57.1%) 136 (42.9%) 246 (77.6%) 71 (22.4%)
  Unable to read 26 (32.9%) 13 (16.5%) 7 (8.9%) 46 (58.2%) 33 (41.8%) 57 (72.2%) 22 (27.8%)
  1. Data are presented as proportions (n,%). HH-Household, SP- Sulfadoxine pyremethamine, ACT- Artemether-based combined therapies, inc.-Income. From the results above the drugs that were taken by majority of the respondents were SP and ACT in all the socio-economic factors considered, with very small differences in proportions in each category. In addition, averagely half of the households had used drugs for correct duration, unlike households whose breadwinners were wives (47.6%) and those who depended on casual work as the main source of income (47.5%). Moreover, most households took correct dosages of drugs with majority scoring more than 70% in each socio-economic factor considered.