Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Two minute mosquito repellency screening results for extracts of South African ethnomedicinal plants.

From: Evaluation of selected South African ethnomedicinal plants as mosquito repellents against the Anopheles arabiensis mosquito in a rodent model

Family Plant species Voucher number Plant Part Extraction Repellency (%)
Apiaceae Apiaceae EN00994 Whole plant DCM/MeOH (1:1) 55
  Alepidea amatymbica Eckl. & Zeyh.     
    Whole plant Water 23
Asphodelaceae Aloe greatheadii Schönland var. davyana (Schönland) Glen & D.S. Hardy EN00021 Leaves DCM 55
   EN00021 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 55
   EN00021 Stem DCM 53
   EN00021 Leaves Water 43
   EN00021 Leaves DCM 36
   EN00021 Stems DCM/MeOH (1:1) 33
   EN00021 Stems MeOH 31
   EN00021 Stems Water 27
  Aloe ferox Mill. EN00538 Fruit DCM 68
   BP00469 Whole plant DCM/MeOH (1:1) 58
   EN00538 Roots DCM 56
   EN00538 Stem DCM/MeOH (1:1) 52
   EN00538 Roots DCM/MeOH (1:1) 50
   EN00538 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 40
   EN00538 Leaves DCM 33
   EN00538 Stems DCM 33
   EN00538 Roots Water 31
   EN00538 Stems Water 31
   BP00469 Whole plant Water 30
   EN00538 Fruit Water 26
   EN00538 Leaves Water 26
   EN00538 Fruit DCM/MeOH (1:1) 21
Asteraceae *Bidens pilosa L. EN00001 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 43
   EN00001 Leaves DCM 40
   EN00001 Leaves Water 31
   EN00001 Leaves MeOH 30
  *Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M.King & H.Rob. EN00052 Leaves MeOH 80
   EN00052 Leaves DCM 76
   EN00052 Whole plant MeOH 68
   EN00052 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 67
   EN00052 Whole plant DCM 61
   EN00052 Whole plant DCM/MeOH (1:1) 57
   EN00052 Flowers MeOH 50
   EN00052 Leaves Water 46
   EN00052 Whole plant Water 31
   EN00052 Flowers Water 25
   EN00052 Flowers DCM 18
   EN00052 Flowers DCM/MeOH (1:1) 15
  *Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. DS00616 Whole plant Water 67
   DS00616 Whole plant DCM/MeOH (1:1) 20
  Litogyne gariepina (DC.) Anderb. EN00213 Roots DCM 83
   EN00213 Roots Water 30
   EN00213 Roots DCM/MeOH (1:1) 28
Buddlejaceae Nuxia floribunda Benth. BP00669 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 85
    Leaves Water 28
Chenopodiacae *Chenopodium ambrosioides L. BP00545 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 87
   BP00545 Twigs DCM/MeOH (1:1) 31
   BP00545 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 25
  *Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad. ex W.D.J.Koch & Ziz DS00390 Roots Water 97
   DS00390 Stems Water 67
   DS00390 Roots DCM/MeOH (1:1) 33
   DS00390 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 33
   DS00390 Stems DCM/MeOH (1:1) 30
   DS00390 Leaves Water 20
Euphorbiaceae Croton pseudopulchellus Pax HV00052 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 33
   HV00052 Leaves Water 25
  Spirostachys africana Sond. EN00346 Stems DCM/MeOH (1:1) 48
   EN00346 Stems Water 33
   EN00346 Stems DCM 28
   BP00230 Leaves and twigs DCM/MeOH (1:1) 18
Fabaceae Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wright & Arn. subsp. africana Brenan & Brummitt EN00101 Leaves MeOH 67
   EN00101 Stems DCM/MeOH (1:1) 65
   EN00101 Stems DCM 50
   EN00101 Leaves Water 46
   EN00101 Stems Water 33
   EN00101 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 33
   EN00101 Leaves DCM 28
  Mundulea sericea (Willd.) A.Chev. BP00043 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 76
   BP00043 Leaves DCM 72
   BP00043 Leaves MeOH 48
   BP00043 Leaves Water 26
  Philenoptera violacea (Klotzsch) Schrire (syn. MM00019 Stems DCM 55
  Lonchocarpus capassa Rolfe)     
   MM00019 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 31
   MM00019 Stems Water 30
   MM00019 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 30
   MM00019 Seeds Water 28
   MM00019 Roots DCM/MeOH (1:1) 28
   MM00019 Leaves Water 27
   MM00019 Bark DCM/MeOH 26
   MM00019 Roots Water 21
   MM00019 Bark Water 20
Lamiaceae Leucas martinicensis (Jacq.) R.Br. EN00183 Leaves DCM 86
   EN00183 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 52
   EN00183 Leaves Water 26
  Mentha longifolia (L.) Huds. EN00296 Whole plant DCM/MeOH (1:1) 56
   EN00296 Whole plant DCM 55
   EN00296 Whole plant Water 18
  Plectranthus laxiflorus Benth. EN00195 Leaves Water 55
   EN00195 Leaves DCM 53
   EN00195 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 38
Malvaceae Sida cordifolia L. FP00185 Whole plant DCM/MeOH (1:1) 87
   FP00185 Whole plant Water 40
Meliaceae *Melia azedarach L. DS00379 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 60
   DS00379 Leaves Water 33
Pedaliaceae Ceratotheca triloba (Bernh.) Hook.f. BP00646 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 50
   BP00646 Twigs DCM/MeOH (1:1) 40
   BP00646 Twigs Water 31
   BP00646 Leaves Water 30
   BP00646 Fruit Water 26
Rutaceae Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook.f. ex Benth. DS00090 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 56
   DS00090 Stems DCM/MeOH (1:1) 31
   DS00090 Stems Water 31
   DS00090 Leaves Water 16
Solanaceae *Datura stramonium L. EN00769 Leaves DCM/MeOH (1:1) 81
   EN00769 Fruit DCM/MeOH (1:1) 40
   EN00769 Leaves Water 30
   EN00769 Fruit Water 23
Vitaceae Cissus cornifolia (Baker) Planch. MM00008 Stems DCM/MeOH (1:1) 45
   MM00008 Roots DCM/MeOH (1:1) 34
   MM00008 Leaves and flowers DCM/MeOH (1:1) 31
   MM00008 Roots Water 30
   MM00008 Stems Water 25
   MM00008 Leaves and flowers Water 25
  1. * exotic to South Africa