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Table 1 Adaptations made to the established framework for social entrepreneurship in order to suit applied participatory health research initiatives in low to middle income countries (LMICs)

From: Using the social entrepreneurship approach to generate innovative and sustainable malaria diagnosis interventions in Tanzania: a case study

Stage/Element Dees SEA Description SEA for Health Research Description Reason for Adaptation
1 Adopting a mission to create and sustain local value Identifying a locally relevant topic and research plan Health research revolves around the formation of research questions or a hypothesis
2 Recognizing and relentlessly pursuing new opportunities that serve that mission Recognizing the importance of international multi-disciplinary teams and incorporation of local knowledge A diverse and well trained team will allow for pursuit of new opportunities and a better understanding of our research outcomes
3 Engaging in a process of continuous innovation, adaptation, and learning Engaging in a process of continuous innovation, adaptation, and learning No adaptation required
4 Acting boldly without being limited by resources currently in hand Remaining motivated and determined to achieve sustainable long-term research outcomes Identifying the idea that local stakeholder motivation is a key element for intervention long-term success
5 Exhibiting a heightened sense of accountability to the community involved and for the outcomes created Sharing and transferring ownership of the project with the international and local partner Accountability to the community lies in knowledge translation to key local stakeholders and partnering with stakeholders to maintain long-term research outcomes