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Table 2 Distribution of reported cases with a malaria episode and management of childhood malaria by caregivers in the preceding two weeks prior to the study period in Gilgel-Gibe dam area, southwestern Ethiopia, 2007

From: The influence of the Gilgel-Gibe hydroelectric dam in Ethiopia on caregivers' knowledge, perceptions and health-seeking behaviour towards childhood malaria

Variable 'At-risk' 'Control' OR (95%CI) p-value
Children with a malaria episode in the past two weeks     
('at-risk', n = 1003; 'control', n = 953) 21.8% 15.8% 1.49 (0.46-4.76) 0.483
Children receiving treatment     
('at-risk', n = 159; 'control', n = 208) 75.5% 84.6% 0.56 (0.29-1.08) 0.079
The first action taken     
('at-risk', n = 120; 'control', n = 176)     
Took the child to health services 60.0% 68.8%   0.265
Treat with anti-malarials at home 35.8% 23.3%   
Treat with herbs at home 2.5% 6.8%   
Other 1.7% 1.1%   
Use of anti-malarial remedies     
('at-risk', n = 120; 'control', n = 179) 81.7% 79.3% 1.16 (0.29-4.65) 0.820
Type of anti-malarial(s) given     
('at-risk', n = 98; 'control', n = 142)     
Coartem® (artemether-lumefantrine (AL)) 56.1% 74.6%   0.392
Chloroquine (CQ) 34.7% 21.8%   
Fansidar® (sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP)) 9.2% 2.1%   
Quinine (QN) 0.0% 1.4%   
The child finished the dose     
('at-risk', n = 142; 'control', n = 98))     
Yes 95.9% 95.1% 1.22 (0.13-11.73) 0.853
Reasons for absence of treatment     
('at-risk', n = 39; 'control', n = 32)     
Lack of money 76.9% 53.1%   0.114
Health facility very far 5.2% 28.1%   
Child not seriously ill 15.4% 18.8%   
Others 2.6% 0.0%