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Table 4 Knowledge and perception of caregivers on preventability, local prevention and control practices of childhood malaria for 'at-risk' and 'control' villages in Gilgel-Gibe dam area, south-western Ethiopia, 2007

From: The influence of the Gilgel-Gibe hydroelectric dam in Ethiopia on caregivers' knowledge, perceptions and health-seeking behaviour towards childhood malaria

Variable Category 'At-risk' (%)a 'Control' (%)a OR (95%CI) p-value
Preventability
('at-risk', n = 1003;
'control', n = 953)
Yes 96.1% 86.1% 3.97 (1.04, 15.13) 0.033*
Preventive methods Mosquito nets 73.1% 81.1% 0.63 (0.21, 1.98) 0.404
('at-risk', n = 965; Repellant/Smoking 32.7% 12.9% 3.28(1.07,10.09) 0.035*
'control', n = 921) Anti-malarial drugs 26.2% 8.0% 4.07 (1.06, 15.68) 0.034*
  Eliminating Breeding sites 17.6%% 4.6% 4.4 (1.25, 15.54) 0.017 *
  House spraying 16.5% 4.3% 4.41 (0.75, 25.81) 0.074
  Herbal preparation 1.9% 0.7% 2.73 (0.21, 36.37) 0.403
Treatability
('at-risk', n = 1003;
'control', n = 953)
Yes 97.8% 96.1% 1.80 (0.62, 5.24) 0.253
Treatment-seeking behaviour Public health services 71.5% 65.1% 1.34 (0.37, 4.88) 0.632
('at-risk', n = 981; Private health services 33.8% 20.4% 1.99 (0.53, 7.51) 0.281
'control', n = 916) Self treat with herbs at home 1.8% 6.9% 0.25 (0.05, 1.32) 0.077
  Self treat with modern Medicine at home 1.4% 6.8% 0.19 (0.06, 0.63) 0.005
  Traditional healer 0.3% 0.5% 0.56 (0.08, 3.79) 0.521
  1. * Significant at the 0.05 level
  2. a Multiple responses possible