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Table 2 Overview of the literature

From: Retail sector distribution chains for malaria treatment in the developing world: a review of the literature

Reference Distribution chain structure Anti-malarial products
  Source of supply Number of suppliers Suppliers' characteristics Volumes sold Mark-ups
Burkina Faso      
RBM Secretariat, 2007 [77] X X - - X
Cambodia      
Institute of Medicine, 2004 [48], Shretta and Guimier, 2003 [55] X X - - X
PSI, 2008 [58], Sabot, 2009 [63] X - - X X
Rozendaal, 2001 [44] X - - - -
Cameroon      
Van der Geest, 1987 ± [19] X - X - -
RBM Secretariat, 2007 [54] X X - - X
Ghana      
Buabeng et al., 2008 [56] X - - - -
Kenya      
Marsh et al., 2004 [57] X - - - -
Ministry of Health of the Government of the Republic of Kenya, 2004 [78] - - - - X
Myhr, 2000 [61] - - - - X
Tavrow, 2003 [25] X X X - X
Amin and Snow, 2005 [27] X - - - -
Mozambique      
Russo, 2007 ± [49] X X - - -
Nigeria      
Adikwu, 1996 ± [17] X - - - -
IFC, 2008 ± [52] X X - - -
Senegal      
Institute of Medicine, 2004 [48], Shretta and Guimier (2003) [55] X X - X X
Kone et al., 2007 [62] X - - - X
IFC, 2008 ± [52] X X - - -
Sri Lanka      
Rajakaruna et al., 2006 [47] X - - - -
Tanzania      
Battersby et al., 2003 [31] X X - - X
Goodman, 2004 [20], Chukwujekwu, 2007 [32] X X X - X
Clinton Foundation, 2008 [34] X - - X X
Government of the Republic of Tanzania and Clinton Foundation, 2008 [29] X X - X X
Uganda      
Adome et al.,1996 [18] X - - - -
The Republic of Uganda, 2004 [59] X - - - X
MMV, 2007 [26] X X - - X
Yadav and Conesa, 2008 [51] - X - - -
IFC, 2008 ± [52] X X - - -
RBM Secretariat, 2007 [54] X X - - X
Zambia      
Institute of Medicine, 2004 [48], Shretta and Guimier, 2003 [55] X X - - X
Yadav, 2007 ± [50] X X - X -
Clinton Foundation, 2008 [33] X -   - X
Low/Middle income countries      
Foster, 1991 ± [13] X - - - -
Yadav and Ongola, 2007 ± [53] X X - X -
  1. ± = studies on distribution chain for pharmaceutical drugs in general (other studies are specific to anti-malarials)