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Table 4 Comparison of changes in knowledge and practices among community adults.

From: School-based participatory health education for malaria control in Ghana: engaging children as health messengers

Knowledge/Practices Knowledge: % of respondents who knew
Practices: % of respondents who practiced very often or sometimes
  Intervention (n = 250) Control (n = 133)
  Before (%) After (%) p -value a Before (%) After (%) p -value a
Knowledge       
   Meaning of ITN 86.3 74.6 0.006 93.1 89.1 0.266
   Effectiveness of ITN against mosquitoes 84.7 93.2 0.006 86.9 84.7 0.635
   Necessity of ITN re-treatment 51.4 52.1 0.891 59.5 33.6 <0.001
   Vulnerability of ITN to sunshine exposure 54.9 75.1 <0.001 65.0 64.1 0.885
   Place to get re-treatment service for ITN 62.5 72.4 0.032 63.6 65.0 0.832
   Paracetamol alone cannot cure malaria 66.0 74.3 0.044 73.8 63.2 0.062
   Breeding site of mosquitoes 57.4 66.7 0.034 65.4 51.1 0.018
   Habitat of mosquito larvae 96.8 94.4 0.184 95.5 91.7 0.210
   Resting place for mosquitoes 96.4 95.2 0.492 99.2 97.7 0.622b
   Mango cannot cause malaria 15.6 61.1 <0.001 11.6 10.5 0.776
   Heat from the sun cannot cause malaria 12.4 47.1 <0.001 4.6 2.3 0.334b
   Mosquito bite can cause malaria 95.2 92.2 0.171 97.0 97.7 1.000b
   Drinking dirty water cannot cause malaria 16.9 40.9 <0.001 3.0 2.3 1.000b
   Sex difference in biting behaviour of mosquitoes 8.4 30.5 <0.001 0.8 3.0 0.370b
Practices       
   Sleeping under bed net in the past 6 months 99.0 93.6 0.006b 92.9 94.9 0.525
   Washing bed net in the past 6 months 95.7 93.6 0.391 91.3 95.3 0.280b
   Treating bed net with insecticide in the past 6 months 21.5 50.0 <0.001 25.3 30.5 0.406
   Weeding around house in the past 6 months 94.8 85.0 <0.001 94.7 83.1 0.003
   Talking with children about malaria in the past 6 months 73.0 49.4 <0.001 40.6 34.8 0.334
   Talking with neighbours about malaria in the past 6 months 43.4 33.1 <0.001 27.8 24.2 0.507
   Burning something to prevent mosquitoes in the past 6 months 83.9 79.5 0.212 71.8 78.2 0.227
   Covering arms and legs when going outside at night in the past 6 months 79.0 80.3 0.721 65.9 50.8 0.013
  1. a, Chi-square test
  2. b, Fisher's Exact test