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Table 5 Results of household observational survey before the intervention.

From: School-based participatory health education for malaria control in Ghana: engaging children as health messengers

Item/condition observed Community households  
  Intervention
(n = 172)
Control
(n = 104)
p -valuea
Bed nets    
   Possession of at least one net 149 (86.6%) 86 (82.7%) 0.558
   Type of nets    
Long-lasting insecticide-treated nets 80 (53.7%) 49 (57.0%) 0.626
Conventional nets 69 (46.3%) 37 (43.0%)  
   State of the nets    
Intact 114 (76.5%) 61 (70.9%) 0.618
Torn/hole 29 (19.5%) 21 (24.4%)  
Not in use 6 (4.0%) 4 (4.7%)  
Mosquito-proof nets on windows    
   Furnished 36 (20.9%) 46 (44.2%) <0.001
   State of the nets    
Intact 25 (69.4%) 19 (41.3%) 0.011
Torn/hole 11 (30.6%) 27 (58.7%)  
Household compound    
   Presence of trash container that can be breeding site of mosquitoes 83 (48.3%) 49 (47.1%) 0.722
   Presence of covered water storage facility 134 (77.9%) 70 (67.3%) 0.028
  1. a, Chi-square test