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Table 2 Case–control study odds and 95% confidence intervals on the likelihood of living in a malarious corregimiento given exposure to determinants of low SES and type of house in Panama during 2009-2012

From: Determinants of low socio-economic status and risk of Plasmodium vivax malaria infection in Panama (2009–2012): a case–control study

Odds ratio (95% confidence interval)
  2009 2010 2011 2012
  OR CI 95% AttFexp AttFpop OR CI 95% AttFexp AttFpop OR CI 95% AttFexp AttFpop OR CI 95% AttFexp AttFpop
Total houses 1.00     1     1     1    
Type 1 1.40 (1.38,1.42) 0.29 0.24 1.21 (1.19,1.23) 0.17 0.14 0.61 (0.60,0.63) 0.39 0.31 0.84 (0.82,0.85) 0.16 0.13
Type 2 2.43 (2.39,2.48) 0.59 0.06 2.74 (2.68,2.79) 0.63 0.08 5.52 (5.40,5.64) 0.82 0.19 4.15 (4.06,4.24) 0.76 0.14
Type 3 1.07 (1.03,1.12) 0.07 0.00 1.15 (1.10,1.21) 0.13 0.00 1.24 (1.16,1.33) 0.19 0.00 1.41 (1.34,1.49) 0.29 0.01
Type 4 0.09 (0.09,0.98) 0.91 0.10 0.07 (0.07,0.08)* 0.93 0.10 0.12 (0.11,0.13) 0.88 0.09 0.09 (0.09,0.1) 0.91 0.09
Type 5 0.55 (0.53,0.57) 0.45 0.01 0.59 (0.56,0.61) 0.41 0.13 0.69 (0.64,0.73) 0.31 0.01 0.42 (0.39,0.45) 0.58 0.02
Dirt Floor 1.47 (1.44,1.49) 0.32 0.04 1.61 (1.58,1.64) 0.38 0.05 2.68 (2.61,2.74) 0.63 0.13 2.32 (2.27,2.37) 0.57 0.10
w/o potable water 1.97 (1.94,2.01) 0.49 0.06 1.57 (1.53,1.60) 0.36 0.04 3.14 (3.06,3.21) 0.68 0.13 2.44 (2.39,2.50) 0.59 0.09
w/o sanitary 1.63 (1.61,1.66) 0.39 0.07 1.87 (1.84,1.90) 0.95 0.17 2.94 (2.88,3.00) 0.66 0.19 2.34 (2.30,2.39) 0.57 0.10
Total population 1.00     1.00     1.00     1.00    
Unemployed 0.95 (0.94,0.97) 0.05 0.00 0.86 (0.84,0.87) 0.14 0.00 0.76 (0.74,0.78) 0.24 0.01 0.80 (0.78,0.82) 0.20 0.01
Illiterate 1.77 (1.75,1.79) 0.44 0.03 1.80 (1.78,1.83) 0.45 0.03 2.81 (2.77,2.85) 0.64 0.07 2.43 (2.40,2.47) 0.59 0.05
Female 1.00     1.00     1.00     1.00    
Male 1.05 (1.04,1.05) 0.04 0.02 1.03 (1.03,1.04) 0.03 0.02 1.04 (1.04,1.06) 0.05 0.02 1.09 (1.08,1.10) 0.08 0.04
  1. Bold face = Chi test p < 0.001; * = p = 0.001.
  2. AttFexp = Atributable fraction expose.
  3. AttFPop = Atributable fraction population.
  4. w/o = without.