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Table 1 Characteristics of participants in rural and urban areas (n = 824)

From: Attitudes toward home-based malaria testing in rural and urban Sierra Leone

Characteristic Rural (n = 667) Urban (n = 157) 2-sided Chi-squared test p-value
n % n %
Gender Male 335/667 50.2 77/157 49.0 0.790
Female 332/667 49.8 80/157 51.0
Age (years) 18-29 178/650 27.4 57/157 36.3 0.087
30-49 276/650 42.5 59/157 37.6
≥50 196/650 30.2 41/157 26.1
Years of formal education No formal school 436/665 65.6 93/155 60.0 <0.001
1-7 years 109/665 16.4 8/155 5.2
8-11 years 62/665 9.3 23/155 14.8
≥12 years 58/665 8.7 31/155 20.0
Can read English 172/650 26.5 61/155 39.4 0.001
Can read Arabic 44/655 6.7 24/154 15.6 <0.001
Comfortable reading a newspaper 123/473 26.0 54/116 46.6 <0.001
Owns a mobile phone 208/661 31.5 77/152 50.7 <0.001
Actively involved in a faith-based organization 601/657 91.5 135/145 93.1 0.519
A HCP in Bo is a family member or friend 287/664 43.2 84/154 54.5 0.011
Quality of life over the past four weeks Good or very good 213/666 32.0 50/157 31.8 0.007
Average 241/666 36.2 75/157 47.8
Poor or very poor 212/666 31.8 32/157 20.4
Satisfaction with health over the past four weeks Satisfied or very satisfied 303/667 45.4 86/157 54.8 0.001
Average 162/667 24.3 46/157 29.3
Dissatisfied or very dissatisfied 202/667 30.3 25/157 15.9
Comparison of health status to the average person of the same age More healthy 181/667 27.1 56/157 35.7 0.097
About the same 201/667 30.1 44/157 28.0
Less healthy 285/667 42.7 57/157 36.3
  1. HCP: healthcare provider.
  2. The numbers in bold are statistically significant test results (p<0.05).