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Table 3 Characteristics of participants who indicated a consistent preference for home-based testing (by self/family or CHV) or laboratory-based testing

From: Attitudes toward home-based malaria testing in rural and urban Sierra Leone

Characteristic Rural Urban
Home-based testing preference (n = 454) Laboratory-based testing preference (n = 131) 2-sided Chi-squared test p-value Home-based testing preference (n = 59) Laboratory-based testing preference (n = 67) 2-sided Chi-squared test p-value
Febrile at the time of the survey 52.4 (238/454) 55.7 (73/131) 0.505 39.0 (23/59) 40.3 (27/67) 0.880
Usually consults with a healthcare provider about suspected malaria 45.5 (201/442) 56.0 (70/125) 0.038 71.2 (42/59) 78.8 (52/66) 0.326
A healthcare provider recommended a diagnostic test during the most recent consultation for a fever 55.2 (232/420) 54.2 (64/118) 0.847 62.7 (37/59) 80.0 (52/65) 0.033
Had a diagnostic test to determine the cause of most recent febrile illness 34.0 (154/454) 45.8 (60/131) 0.014 47.5 (28/59) 63.6 (42/66) 0.069
Usually takes a diagnostic test to confirm suspected malaria 32.5 (145/446) 43.2 (54/125) 0.027 39.7 (23/58) 77.8 (49/63) <0.001
Usually buys medicines to treat malaria without first consulting a healthcare provider 82.7 (369/446) 64.3 (83/129) <0.001 89.8 (53/59) 82.1 (55/67) 0.215
Willing to pay more for a home-based test than a laboratory-based test 63.2 (287/454) 25.4 (33/130) <0.001 44.1 (26/59) 20.9 (14/67) 0.005
Belief about how often adult fevers in the community are due to malaria Always 30.2 (137/454) 11.5 (15/131) <0.001 35.6 (21/59) 20.9 (14/67) 0.160
Most of the time 27.3 (124/454) 62.6 (82/161) 39.0 (23/59) 52.2 (35/67)
Sometimes 35.5 (161/454) 20.6 (27/131) 25.4 (15/59) 26.9 (18/67)
Rarely or never 7.0 (32/454) 5.3 (7/131) 0.0 (0/0) 0.0 (0/0)
Confidence in ability to perform a malaria test on self without assistance Very confident 36.5 (165/452) 26.1 (29/111) 0.034 45.8 (27/59) 16.4 (11/67) <0.001
Somewhat confident 17.7 (80/452) 14.4 (16/111) 45.8 (27/59) 26.9 (18/67)
Not at all confident 45.8 (207/452) 59.5 (66/111) 8.5 (5/59) 56.7 (38/67)
Confidence in ability to perform a malaria test if trained on how to use a test kit Very confident 51.9 (235/453) 43.2 (48/111) 0.005 83.1 (49/59) 37.3 (25/67) <0.001
Somewhat confident 15.5 (70/453) 28.8 (32/111) 13.6 (8/59) 23.9 (16/67)
Not at all confident 32.7 (148/453) 27.9 (31/111) 3.4 (2/59) 38.8 (26/67)
  1. The numbers in bold are statistically significant test results (p<0.05).