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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate analysis of correlates of malaria over-treatment in Kisii

From: Frequency and correlates of malaria over-treatment in areas of differing malaria transmission: a cross-sectional study in rural Western Kenya

  Over-treated Crude Adjusted §
  No (n = 594) Yes (n = 45) cOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI)
Potential correlates n (%) n (%)   
Malnutrition     
 MUAC < 12.5 13 (2.2) 1 (2.2) 1.02(0.13-7.94) 1.57(0.18-13.42)
 Wasting 107 (20.8) 5 (14.3) 0.64(0.24-1.68) 0.70(0.20-1.89)
 Stunted 73 (13.7) 3 (8.6) 0.59(0.18-1.98) 0.75(0.18-3.01)
 Underweight 45 (8.4) 2 (5.7) 0.66(0.15-2.83) 1.12(0.18-7.12)
Mother HIV-infected 17 (3.0) 4 (9.1) 3.26(1.11-9.58) 1.81(0.39-8.43)
Child HIV-infected 7 (1.2) 2 (4.5) 3.90(0.89-17.30) NA
Any IMCI danger sign? 90 (15.2) 8 (17.8) 1.21(0.55-2.69) 1.94(0.73-5.17)
High grade fever (>39°C) 166 (27.9) 21 (46.7) 2.26(1.24-4.16) 2.13(1.02 - 4.45)
Fever for 7 or more days 232 (39.1) 19 (42.2) 1.14(0.62-2.11) 1.48(0.68-3.21)
Sought care elsewhere 195 (32.8) 14 (31.1) 0.92(0.48-1.78) 0.83(0.33-2.06)
Taken anti-malarial last 7 days 70 (11.8) 10 (22.2) 2.14(1.03-4.44) 2.45(0.84-7.29)
Taken antibiotics last 7 days 47 (7.9) 2 (4.4) 0.54(0.13-2.30) 0.31(0.04-2.84)
  1. Data insufficient to include this variable in multivariate model only two of the children over-diagnosed in Kisii were HIV+. §Adjusted for child’s age, sex, and caregivers’ education and household income.