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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate analysis of correlates of malaria over-treatment in Homa Bay

From: Frequency and correlates of malaria over-treatment in areas of differing malaria transmission: a cross-sectional study in rural Western Kenya

  Over-treated Crude Adjusted §
Variable No (n = 157) Yes (n = 210) cOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI)
Potential correlates n (%) n (%)   
Malnutrition     
 MUAC < 12.5 4 (2.5) 10 (4.8) 1.91(0.60-6.21) 1.73(0.37-8.05)
 Wasting 17 (11.4) 26 (13.6) 1.22(0.64-2.35) 0.67(0.25-1.77)
 Stunted 19 (12.5) 33 (17.1) 1.44(0.78-2.68) 1.24(0.53-2.89)
 Underweight 14 (9.2) 27 (14.0) 1.60(0.81-3.18) 0.93(0.30-2.89)
Mother HIV-infected 30 (19.2) 45 (22.0) 1.18(0.70-2.00) 1.19(0.59-2.50)
Child HIV-infected 6 (3.9) 15 (7.1) 1.90(0.72-5.01) 1.36(0.35-5.27)
Any IMCI danger sign? 41 (26.1) 141 (67.1) 5.78(3.66-9.14) 8.47(4.81-14.89)
High grade fever (>39°C) 30 (19.1) 69 (32.9) 2.07(1.27-3.39) 3.07(1.58-5.96)
Fever for 7 or more days 10 (6.4) 35 (16.7) 2.94(1.41-6.14) 4.94(1.90-12.86)
Sought care elsewhere 48 (30.6) 37 (17.6) 0.49(0.30-0.79) 0.32(0.18-0.63)
Taken anti-malarial last 7 days 26 (16.6) 50 (23.8) 1.57(0.93-2.67) 1.95(0.95-4.00)
Taken antibiotics last 7 days 15 (9.6) 9 (4.3) 0.42(0.18-.98) 0.17(0.05-0.55)
  1. §Adjusted for child’s age, sex, and caregivers’ education and household income.