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Table 3 Bivariate (crude) and multivariate (adjusted) model of association between adherence and exposure variables

From: Patient adherence to prescribed artemisinin-based combination therapy in Garissa County, Kenya, after three years of health care in a conflict setting

Variable Adherent (%) Non adherent (%) Crude odds ratio (95% CI) P-value Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) P-value
Patient education     0.06   0.18
Never attended 29 (46.0) 34 (54.0) 1   1  
Primary 40 (72.7) 15 (27.3) 3.13 (1.44, 6.77)   2.44 (1.05, 5.67)  
Secondary 30 (62.5) 18 (37.5) 1.95 (0.91, 4.20)   2.06 (0.90, 4.72)  
Post-secondary 16 (64.0) 9 (36.0) 2.08 (0.80, 5.42)   2.84 (0.96, 8.46)  
Not applicable 2 (50.0) 2 (50.0) 1.17 (0.16, 8.85)   1.55 (0.10, 24.60)  
Price paid for treatment     0.05   0.07
Nothing 98 (63.6) 56 (36.4) 1   1  
10 Kenyan Shillings 1 (100) 0 -   -  
Other Amount 17 (46.0) 20 (54.1) 0.49 (0.24, 1.00)   0.46 (0.21, 1.02)  
Don’t know 1 (33.3) 2 (66.7) -   -  
Who provided treatment     0.04   0.79
Clinic/HF pharmacist 104 (63.8) 59 (36.2) 1   1  
Doctor/ clinical officer/ nurse 9 (36.0) 16 (64.0) 0.32 (0.13, 0.77)   0.65 (0.05, 8.47)  
Private pharmacy 0 1 (100) -   -  
Community Health Worker 3 (60.0) 2 (40.0) 0.85 (0.14, 5.24)   0.44 (0.03, 6.15)  
Don’t know 1 (100) 0 -   -  
Who explained how to take     0.01   0.62
Clinic/HF pharmacist 105 (63.3) 61 (36.8) 1   1  
Doctor/ clinical officer/ nurse 7 (33.3) 14 (66.7) 0.29 (0.11, 0.76)   0.50 (0.03, 7.77)  
Private pharmacy 0 1 (100) -   -  
Family member/friend 1 (100) 0 -   -  
Community Health Worker 1 (33.3) 2 (66.7) 0.29 (0.3, 3.27)   -  
Other 2 (100) 0 -   -  
Number of statements recalled by patient     0.002   0.01
Each additional correct statement recalled by patient (0–4) 117 (60.0) 78 (40.0) 1.78 (1.25, 2.54)   1.65 (1.10, 2.46)