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Table 3 Characteristics of case and control HHs

From: Plasmodium vivax malaria at households: spatial clustering and risk factors in a low endemicity urban area of the northwestern Peruvian coast

   Control HHs (N = 117) Case HHs (N = 117) p-value
Number of individuals mean (SD) 4.8 (1.8) 5.4 (2.0) 0.03*
Male percentage (%) mean (SD) 48.3 (19.1) 48.0 (16.4) 0.92
Age, mean mean (SD) 23.8 (10.4) 23.2 (7.0) 0.59
Number of tested individuals mean (SD) 3.2 (1.6) 3.6 (1.7) 0.05
% of tested individuals mean (SD) 68.4 (23.3) 69.5 (22.0) 0.72
P. vivax Positive PCR n (%) 0 (0.0) 3 (2.6) 0.08
% of individuals with P. vivax positive serology ^ mean (SD) 8.1 (19) 22.2 (24.4) <0.001
  1. Tested using PCR and ELISA.
  2. ^Of the total tested individuals.
  3. *p < 0.05.