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Table 1 Socio-Economical Features of the study area

From: Socio-economic, epidemiological and geographic features based on GIS-integrated mapping to identify malarial hotspots

Agro-Ecological Sub-Regions Eastern Plain, Hot Sub-humid (moist) Eco-Region 13.1, 13.2 & 13.10 Total Irrigated Area (‘000 ha) 1. Gross irrigated area: 678.6
2. Rain-fed Area: 95.0
Total Area 917,340 hc Land use pattern Figure 6-attached
Total House Holdsa, d 1. Rural: 1264192 (87.98%) Production of major crops (‘000 tons) 1. Rice: 964.764
2. Urban: 172686 (12.02%) 2. Wheat: 1019.363
Health Facility 1. No of PHC: 43 Livestock/Animal husbandry 1. Number of cattle: 1,935,250
2. No of CHC: 15 2. Number of dairy form: 1,033
Populationd 1. Total: 10,690,142 Geographical Profile f 1. Average No of days precipitation: 44.88
2. Male/Female: 5,477,586/5,212,556 2. Average Relative Humidity: 68.33%
3. Density: 998 People/Sq Km 3. Average high Temperature: 30.92°C
4. Rural: 8,102,663 4. Average low Temperature: 19.58°C
5. Urban: 1,049,437 5. Average Mean Temperature: 25.25°C
6. Rural Population: 88.53%  
7. Urban/Semi-Urban: 11.47%
Rainfall (annual) 1. Maharajganj: 1364.1 mm Literacy b 1. Male: 3,659,286 (60.24%)
2. Kushinagar: 1145.1 mm 2. Female: 2,415,006 (39.76%)
3. Gorakhpur: 1364.1 mm 3. Total: 6,074,292 (52.17%)
Forest Land 1. Area: 56,840 ha Area is prone to 1. Regular: Drought, Pests-Disease
2. % of total land: 6.20%   2. Others: Flood, cyclone, Hot-cold waves
Work Participation: 1. Total work participation: 3,462,855 Economy g 1. Agriculture Labors: 494,943
2. Female total work: 28.3% 2. Main Cultivator: 502,920
3. Main work participation: 1,708,932 3. Main HH Industry working: 87,400
4. Female Main Work: 19.1% 4. Monthly Income: 70.3 USD
5. Marginal Worker: 1,753,923 (16.4%) 5. Rural households: 87.98%
  1. a:Calculated on Arithmetic Mean %, b:Calculated on Weighted Mean d:Based on India Census 2011, f:Based on satellite imagery and Climate Research Unit (CRU) UK, g:Economics and Statistics Division, Govt. of Uttar Pradesh, India.