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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants

From: The impact of lipid-based nutrient supplementation on anti-malarial antibodies in pregnant women in a randomized controlled trial

Characteristic IFA (n = 325) MMN (n = 347) LNS (n = 337) All
Gestation weeks at enrolment, mean (SD) 16.5 (2.12) 16.5 (2.23) 16.6 (2.24) 16.5 (2.20)
Age, years 23 (20–28) 24 (20–29) 24 (20–28) 24 (20–28)
Gravidity     
-Primigravidae 64 (19.7%) 67 (19.2%) 68 (20.1%) 199 (19.8%)
-Secundigravidae 77 (23.7%) 64 (18.4%) 62 (18.3%) 202 (20.1%)
-Multigravidae 184 (56.6%) 214 (61.5%) 208 (61.5%) 606 (60.2%)
BMI, kg/m2; 21.5 (20.4-23.3) 21.6 (20.1-23.5) 21.7 (20.3- 23.7) 21.6 (20.3-23.5)
-BMI <18.5 kg/m2, n (%) 18 (5.6%) 18 (5.3%) 21 (6.3%) 57 (5.7%)
MUAC (cm), 26.0 (24.7-27.5) 25.7 (24.2- 27.7) 26.1 (24.6- 27.8) 26.0 (24.5-27.7)
-MUAC < 23cm, n (%) 23 (7.1%) 21 (6.1%) 24 (7.1%) 68 (6.8%)
Malaria parasitaemia     
- Microscopy 34 (10.5%) 36 (10.4%) 38 (11.3%) 108 (10.7%)
- PCR 81 (25.7%) 79 (23.4%) 86 (25.7%) 246 (24.9%)
- RDT 71 (21.8%) 83 (24.1%) 75 (22.5%) 229 (22.8%)
HIV infection, n (%) 47 (14.5%) 37 (10.7%) 46 (13.6%) 130 (13.0%)
Low Socioeconomic status, n (%)a 184 (56.7%) 187 (53.9%) 189 (56.1%) 560 (55.9%)
  1. Data presented as median (Interquartile range), or number (%) unless stated.
  2. aSocioeconomic status calculated based on a scoring system for house hold assets. Low socioeconomic status is defined as house hold Z-score < median −0.387.
  3. Abbreviations: SD: standard deviation; RDT: rapid diagnostic test; BMI: body mass index; MUAC: mid-upper arm circumference, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction.