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Table 1 PPMV Shop characteristics (Source: Shop survey)a

From: Management of paediatric illnesses by patent and proprietary medicine vendors in Nigeria

  Health training n (%) No health training (%) p-value
Knowledge of shop workers and owners
 Named most effective treatment for malaria 39 (73.6) 135 (68.5)  
 Named most effective treatment for diarrhoea 15 (32.0) 63 (28.3)  
 Named most effective treatment for pneumonia 0 (0.0 %) 1 (0.5 %)  
Drug stockingb
 Stocked ACTc for malaria treatment 38 (71.7) 144 (73.9)  
 Stocked ORSd for diarrhoea treatment 45 (84.9) 146 (74.9)  
State
 Kogi 21 (39.6) 103 (52.3)  
 Kwara 32 (60.4) 94 (47.7)  
Location
 Urban 11 (20.8) 59 (30.0)  
 Peri-urban 17 (32.1) 68 (34.5)  
 Rural 25 (47.2) 70 (35.5)  
Male respondentse 28 (52.8) 117 (60.3)  
Age of respondentb mean ± SD (years) 40.0 ± 1.7 31.0 ± 7.5 0.000
Religiona    
 Christian 36 (67.9) 115 (59.0)  
 Muslim 17 (32.1) 80 (41.0)  
Education    0.000
 Primary 1 (1.9) 12 (6.1)  
 Secondary 2 (3.8) 139 (70.6)  
 Post-secondary 50 (94.3) 46 (23.4)  
Profession/Formal health trainingb
 Current PPMV apprentice or no training - 57 (32.3)  
 Finished PPMV apprentice - 132 (67.7)  
 CHEWf 28 (52.8) -  
 Laboratory technician 4 (7.6) -  
 Pharmacist 3 (5.7) -  
 Nurse or midwife 18 (34.0) -  
Mean years of experience working at a PPMV shopb 16.7 ± 1.6 10.5 ± 0.6 0.000
Proportion of household income from PPMV shop
 Half or less 30 (56.6) 89 (45.2)  
 More than half 23 (43.4) 108 (54.8)  
Shop sells wholesale drugsg 8 (15.1) 37 (18.9)  
Member of PCN 11 (20.8) 35 (17.8)  
Shop offers tests or examinations to customers 28 (52.8 %) 59 (30.3 %) 0.002
Participated in any trainings in past 12 months 36 (69.2 %) 124 (66.3 %)  
Number of observations 53 197  
  1. aPatent and Proprietary Medicine Vendors
  2. b n = 248
  3. Cartemisinin-based combination therapy
  4. doral rehydration solution
  5. e n = 247
  6. fcommunity health extension worker
  7. g n = 249