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Table 2 Multivariable logistic regression of the likelihood of the PPMV’s knowledge and stocking of most effective treatments for malaria. (Source: Shop survey)

From: Management of paediatric illnesses by patent and proprietary medicine vendors in Nigeria

  Named most effective malaria treatment (n =229) Stocked ACT (n =229)
  Odds Ratio (95 % CI) p-value Odds Ratio (95 % CI) p-value
Kogi (vs Kwara) 4.093*** (1.711–9.793) 0.002 0.702 (0.309 - 1.597) 0.399
Urban location (vs rural) 1.794 (0.782–4.093) 0.165 0.713 (0.331 - 1.537) 0.388
Peri-urban location (vs rural) 1.073 (0.486 - 2.370) 0.862 1.346 (0.610 - 2.968) 0.462
Age (years) 0.975 (0.933 - 1.020) 0.273 0.969 (0.930 - 1.012) 0.152
Has formal health training (vs none) 1.658 (0.694 - 3.959) 0.255 0.650 (0.286 – 1.477) 0.304
Years of experience 1.038 (0.979 - 1.101) 0.207 1.048 (0.991 - 1.108) 0.104
Muslim respondent (vs Christian) 0.564 (0.283–1.122) 0.103 0.670 (0.332 - 1.354) 0.265
PCN member (vs not a member) 3.181** (1.165–8.685) 0.024 1.190 (0.524 - 2.703) 0.677
Majority of household income is from shop (vs no) 1.047 (0.521 - 2.103) 0.897 0.540 (0.264 - 1.105) 0.149
Shop sells wholesale drugs (vs no) 4.230** (1.351– 13.680) 0.014 0.643 (0.282 - 1.466) 0.293
Participated in any trainings in previous year (vs no) 2.397** (1.135 - 5.060) 0.022 1.444 (0.723 - 2.873) 0.295
Shop offers tests or examinations to customers (vs no) 0.763 (0.383 - 1.520) 0.442 1.578 (0.796 – 3.128) 0.192
  1. * p < 0.1, ** p < 0.05, *** p < 0.01