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Table 2 Key elements of an integrated vector management (IVM) strategy

From: Strengthening tactical planning and operational frameworks for vector control: the roadmap for malaria elimination in Namibia

No. Element Description
1 Advocacy, social mobilization and legislation Promotion and embedding of IVM principles in designing policies in all relevant agencies, organizations and civil society; establishment or strengthening of regulatory and legislative controls for public health; empowerment of communities
2 Collaboration within the health sector and with other sectors Consideration of all options for collaboration within and between public and private sectors; application of the principles of subsidiarity in planning and decision-making; strengthening channels of communication among policy-makers, vector-borne disease programme managers and other IVM partners
3 Integrated approach Ensure rational use of available resources by addressing several diseases, integrating non-chemical and chemical vector control methods and integrating with other disease control methods
4 Evidence-based decision-making Adaptation of strategies and interventions to local ecology, epidemiology and resources, guided by operational research and subject to routine monitoring and evaluation
5 Capacity-building Provision of the essential material infrastructure, financial resources and human resources at national and local level to manage IVM strategies on the basis of a situational analysis