Study subjects participated on AL efficacy study and treatment outcome. From a total of 125 P. falciparum cases, 93 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and gave written and informed consent and assent to participate in the therapeutic efficacy of AL for the treatment of P. falciparum, while 32 study subjects did not meet the inclusion criteria and were excluded from the study. From 32 excluded from the study, 11 excluded to provide consent and assent, 12 had a low parasite count from the thick blood film, 2 had sever disease (Tb positive) and 7 were less than 6 months. Among the 93 study participants, one blood film reading was discrepant between the two microscopic readers and decision was made based on the third senior laboratory personnel reading. On the first day of the study, two study subjects vomited the drug twice and excluded from the study and analysis. On day 14 and 21, two patients did not return on the follow-up day. We could not find one of the patients, and we were informed that the other patient had moved from the area, so both were considered lost to follow-up.