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Table 1 Clinical, parasitological and plasma cytokine levels of pregnant women

From: Nrf2-driven CD36 and HO-1 gene expression in circulating monocytes correlates with favourable clinical outcome in pregnancy-associated malaria

  All (N = 25) BW ≤2.5 kg (N = 5) P ≥1 % (N = 8) pP ≥1 % (N = 10)
Age (years) 25 (22–30) 25 (21–37) 22 (20–23)** 23 (22–27)
Gravidity 2.0 (2.0–3.5) 2.0 (2.0–6.0) 2.0 (1.0–2.0)* 2.0 (1.0–3.0)
Birth weight (kg) 2.8 (2.5–3.1) 2.0 (1.7–2.2)** 2.8 (2.6–3.2) 2.9 (2.8–3.4)
P (%) 0.05 (0.01–3.5) 0.03 (0.02–2.9) 6.0 (4.1–10.8)*** 2.2 (0.03–8.7)
pP (%) 1.0 (0.07–13.5) 0.1 (0.06–12.4) 28.0 (3.7–59.0)* 21.5 (10.0–63.0)***
TNF (pg/mL) 0 (0–0.8) 0 (0–12.2) 0 (0–0.1) 0 (0–0.6)
IL-10 (pg/mL) 0 (0–186) 111 (14–226) 628 (506–891)*** 308 (12–732)
  1. Data are presented in medians (interquartile range)
  2. Data were compared according to the clinical criteria defined (BW ≤2.5 kg versus BW >2.5 kg, P <1 % versus P ≥1 %, pP <1 % versus pP ≥1 %) by Mann–Whitney U-test
  3. P peripheral parasitaemia, pP placental parasitaemia
  4. P < 0.05, ** P < 0.005, *** P < 0.0005