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Table 1 Malaria detected by the four RDTs (HRP-2 and pLDH bands), microscopy and PCR

From: Performance of four HRP-2/pLDH combination rapid diagnostic tests and field microscopy as screening tests for malaria in pregnancy in Indonesia: a cross-sectional study

  Carestart™ First Response® Parascreen® SD Bioline®
n = 934 n = 934 n = 934 n = 934
RDT positive (any band) n (%) 28 (3.0) 30 (3.2) 32 (3.4) 30 (3.2)
HRP-2 band only, n (%) 15 (53.6) 17 (56.6) 21 (65.6) 20 (66.6)
P. falciparum confirmed by PCR
 HRP-2 band, n (%) 4 (26.7) 7 (41.2) 7 (33.3) 6 (30.0)
Pan-pLDH band only, n (%) 6 (21.4) 6 (19.4) 4 (12.5) 2 (6.6)
Species confirmed by PCR
 P. falciparum, n (%) 2 (33.0) 3 (50.0) 1 (25.0) 1 (50.0)
 P. vivax, n (%) 2 (33.0) 2 (33.0) 2 (50.0) 1 (50.0)
 Negative 2 (33.0) 1 (16.9) 1 (25.0) 0
HRP2 + pLDH bands, n (%) 7 (25.0) 7 (23.0) 7 (21.8) 8 (26.6)
Species confirmed by PCR
 P. falciparum, n (%) 5 (71.4) 5 (71.4) 5 (71.4) 6 (75.0)
 P. vivax, n (%) 1 (14.3) 1 (14.3) 1 (14.3) 1 (12.5)
 Mixed (Pf Pv), n (%) 1 (14.3) 1 (14.3) 1 (14.3) 1 (12.5)
  Field microscopy Expert microscopy PCR n = 934
n = 934 n = 934 Overall Sub-microscopica
Parasitaemia any, n (%) 34 (3.6) 47 (5.0) 62 (6.6) 32 (3.4)
P. falciparum, n (%) 26 (76.5) 24 (51.1) 32 (51.6) 20 (62.5)
P. vivax, n (%) 8 (23.5) 13 (27.7) 23 (37.0) 12 (37.5)
P. malariae, n (%) 5 (10.6)
Mixed (Pf + Pv) n (%) 5 (10.6) 7 (11.3)
  1. Pf, P. falciparum; Pv, P. vivax
  2. aSub-microscopic = expert microscopy negative, PCR positive