Skip to main content

Table 4 Univariable logistic regression analysis of factors associated with infection and exposure to Plasmodium falciparum

From: Use of different transmission metrics to describe malaria epidemiology in the highlands of western Kenya

  RDT PCR MSP
OR 95 % CI P value OR 95 % CI P value OR 95 % CI P value
Age group in years
 ≤5 1 1 1
 5.1–10 1.5 0.98–2.4 0.058 1.78 1.2–2.4 0.001 1.48 1.11–1.97 <0.001
 10.1–15 0.97 0.57–1.65 0.91 1.37 0.91–2.04 0.125 2.77 2.1–3.68 <0.001
 15.1–20 0.63 0.27–1.47 0.28 1.41 0.79–2.51 0.24 4.69 3.51–6.27 <0.001
 >20 0.21 0.094–0.5 0.0001 0.75 0.51–1.1 0.141 7.56 5.97–9.58 <0.001
Sex (female) 0.88 0.60–1.29 0.505 0.74 0.58–0.95 0.021 1.41 1.21–1.64 <0.001
Anaemia (<11 g/dl) 2.7 1.75–4.25 0.0001 1.03 0.77–1.3 0.82 0.99 0.81–1.22 0.95
Socio-economic status (SES) score
 1 (low) 1 1 1
 2 0.64 0.31–1.31 0.22 0.70 0.44–1.10 0.11 1.04 0.77–1.41 0.78
 3 0.65 0.33–1.25 0.19 0.91 0.56–1.5 0.71 0.80 0.63–1.02 0.072
 4 0.30 0.11–0.77 0.014 0.63 0.39–1.05 0.075 0.87 0.64–1.19 0.37
 5 (high) 0.45 0.21–0.93 0.033 0.84 0.55–1.27 0.407 0.81 0.62–1.07 0.13
Open eaves 6.04 1.8–20.1 0.004 1.2 0.9–1.6 0.19 0.88 0.62–1.2 0.5
Travel 0.18 0.028–1.13 0.066 0.58 0.24–1.40 0.218 1.34 0.99–1.83 0.059
Mosquito control
 None 1 1 1
 Net only 0.95 0.45–1.97 0.88 1.19 0.81–1.77 0.363 1.04 0.77–1.41 0.80
 IRS only 2.5 1.01–6.15 0.05 2.01 1.13–3.56 0.02 1.13 0.81–1.59 0.46
 Both 1.13 0.50–2.57 0.76 1.33 0.87–2.04 0.18 0.79 0.59–1.05 0.106
Elevation (m)
 1430–1494 1 1 1
 1495–1510 0.65 0.27–1.57 0.332 0.80 0.48–1.34 0.389 1.02 0.76–1.35 0.905
 1511–1529 0.83 0.44–1.58 0.571 1.24 0.72–2.13 0.419 0.95 0.70–1.29 0.749
 1530–1685 0.68 0.31–1.46 0.314 1.11 0.64–1.92 0.714 0.68 0.52–0.77 <0.001