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Table 2 Associations between demographic and clinical exposures and malaria, among 1150 case–control study participants in eastern Afghanistan

From: Towards a strategy for malaria in pregnancy in Afghanistan: analysis of clinical realities and women’s perceptions of malaria and anaemia

Variables Cases, n (%) Controls, n (%) OR (95 % CI) AOR (95 % CI)
(N = 141) (N = 1010)
Age group
 15–20 32 (22.7) 286 (28.3) Ref. Ref.
 21–30 62 (44.0) 437 (43.3) 1.27 (0.81–1.99) 1.36 (0.74–2.49)
 31–49 47 (33.3) 287 (28.4) 1.46 (0.91–2.36) 1.49 (0.75–2.97)
Pregnant 31 (22.0) 255 (25.3) 0.83 (0.55–1.27) 0.89 (0.56–1.42)
Parity
 Nulliparous (no births) 36 (25.5) 256 (25.4) Ref. Ref.
 Parous (1–5 births) 55 (39.0) 389 (38.5) 1.01 (0.64–1.57) 0.84 (0.47–1.52)
 Grand-multiparous (6+ births) 50 (35.5) 365 (36.1) 0.97 (0.62–1.54) 0.68 (0.35–1.31)
Anaemic 33 (23.4) 230 (22.8) 1.04 (0.68–1.57) 1.00 (0.65–1.54)
ITN usage 45 (32.0) 431 (42.7) 0.63 (0.43–0.92)* 0.60 (0.40–0.91)*
  1. * p < 0.05; AOR adjusted for district, facility, age, parity