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Table 3 Malaria parasitaemia and anaemia distributions and bivariate analysis stratified by sex, residence and age group

From: Malaria, anaemia and under-nutrition: three frequently co-existing conditions among preschool children in rural Rwanda

Variables Malaria parasitaemia Moderate–severe anaemia
N (%) OR (95 % CI), P-value N (%) OR (95 % CI), P-value
Sex
 Male 49 (5.24) 0.796 (0.540–1.173), 0.248 70 (7.4) 1.139 (0.799–1.624), 0.470
 Female 61 (6.49) 1 62 (6.6) 1
Age-group
 6–11 6 (2.68) 1 29 (12.9) 1
 12–23 19 (4.37) 1.659 (0.653–4.216), 0.287 33 (7.6) 0.555 (0.327–0.940), 0.029
 24–35 28 (6.51) 2.531 (1.032–6.206), 0.042 30 (6.9) 0.502 (0.293–0.860), 0.012
 36–47 25 (6.74) 2.625 (1.059–6.502), 0.037 21 (5.6) 0.404 (0.225–0.728), 0.003
 48–59 32 (7.69) 3.028 (1.246–7.356), 0.014 19 (4.6) 0.323 (0.177–0.591), <0.0001
Residence
 Biharwe 19 (6.42) 1 18 (6.1) 1
 Gatanga 23 (4.85) 0.743 (0.398–1.390), 0.353 33 (6.9) 1.156 (0.638–2.092), 0.633
 Gikundamvura 38 (10.30) 1.674 (0.943–2.969), 0.078 33 (8.9) 1.503 (0.829–2.728), 0.180
 Kindama 23 (5.46) 0.843 (0.450–1.577), 0.592 26 (6.2) 1.011 (0.544–1.881), 0.971
 Ruhuha 7 (2.22) 0.330 (0.137–0.798), 0.014 22 (6.9) 1.152 (0.605–2.193), 0.667
  1. P values for categorical variables were based on the χ2 test
  2. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval