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Table 2 Comparison of participants′ characteristics by malaria parasitaemia low vs. high

From: Population-based prevalence of malaria among pregnant women in Enugu State, Nigeria: the Healthy Beginning Initiative

  Parasitaemia
Low High Total p*
Number of participants, N (%) 1292 (62) 777 (38) 2069 (100)  
Gravidity, N (%)a
 Primi/secundigravida 819 (65.8) 486 (65.9) 1305 (65.5) 0.67
 Multigravida 425 (34.2) 263 (35.1) 688 (34.5)  
Residence, N (%)b
 Urban 326 (25.3) 189 (24.1) 513 (24.9) 0.54
 Rural 960 (74.7) 588 (75.9) 1548 (75.1)  
Distance to healthcare facility, N (%)c
 0–5 (km) 464 (36.1) 255 (33.0) 719 (34.9) 0.17
 5–10 (km) 487 (37.9) 290 (37.5) 777 (37.8)  
 10+ (km) 334 (26.0) 228 (29.5) 576 (27.3)  
Antenatal care, N (%)d     
 Yes 1014 (78.5) 627 (80.7) 1641 (79.3) 0.23
 No 278 (21.5) 150 (19.3) 428 (20.7)  
Household size, mean (SD)e 4.51 (2.0) 4.36 (1.9) 4.40 (1.9) 0.07
Age (Years), mean (SD)f 29.10 (5.8) 28.90 (5.8) 29.00 (5.7) 0.44
  1. * Significance based on Chi square and ANOVA p value <0.05
  2. aMissing 48 low parasitaemia, 28 high parasitaemia
  3. bMissing 6 low parasitaemia
  4. cMissing 7 low parasitaemia, 4 high parasitaemia
  5. dNo missing data
  6. eMissing 10 low parasitaemia, 9 high parasitaemia
  7. fNo missing data