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Table 1 Individual characteristics, health status and malaria-related behaviours, Bata district, Equatorial Guinea, June–August 2013

From: Malaria prevalence in Bata district, Equatorial Guinea: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Urban (n = 1043) Rural (n = 698) p value
No. (%) No. (%)
Individual characteristics
 Sex
  Male 458 43.91 297 42.55 0.574
  Female 585 56.09 401 57.45
 Age group
  ≤12 months 273 26.17 130 18.62 <0.001
  13 months–5 years 320 30.68 197 28.22
  6–15 years 294 28.19 222 31.81
  ≥15 years 156 14.96 149 21.35
 Ethnic group
  Fang 849 81.40 600 85.96 0.040
  Combe 87 8.34 41 5.87
  Other 107 10.26 57 8.17
 Know how to read and writea
  Yes 322 71.56 222 59.84 0.002
  No 121 26.89 141 38.01
  Don’t know/Don’t answer 7 1.56 8 2.16
Household characteristics
Family source of income
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector 11 1.10 154 23.23 <0.001
  Employment as employee 597 59.88 251 37.86
  Self-employed 311 31.19 212 31.98
  Other 78 7.82 46 6.94
Number of children
  ≤3 children 348 33.37 201 28.80 0.044
  >3 children 695 66.63 497 71.20
Number of adults
  ≤2 adults 235 22.53 151 21.63 0.007
  3–4 adults 420 40.27 237 33.95
  ≥5 adults 388 37.20 310 44.41
Health status
 Did you have had fever in the last 24 h?
  Yes 84 8.15 81 11.76 0.029
  No 945 91.66 605 87.81
  Don’t know/Don’t answer 2 0.19 3 0.44
 Do you have any discomfort at present time?
  Yes 100 9.83 144 21.05 <0.001
  No 915 89.97 538 78.65
  Don’t know/Don’t answer 2 0.20 2 0.29
 Are you taking any drug at the present time?
  Yes 105 10.49 117 17.11 <0.001
  No 894 89.31 567 82.89
  Don’t know/Don’t answer 2 0.20 0 0.00
 Did you have malaria the last year?
  Yes 514 49.52 365 52.90 0.168
  No 515 49.61 315 45.65
  Don’t know/Don’t answer 9 0.87 10 1.45
 Current fever
  Yes 30 2.91 50 7.16 <0.001
  No 1002 97.09 648 92.84
 Anaemiab      
  Yes 749 82.85 499 89.59 <0.001
  No 155 17.15 58 10.41
Malaria related-behaviours
 Do you sleep outside the house?
  Always 13 1.26 17 2.47 0.024
  Sometimes 16 1.55 18 2.61
  Never 1002 97.09 650 94.34
  Don’t know/Don’t answer 1 0.10 4 0.58
 Do you sleep under a bed net?
  Always 754 73.06 253 36.67 <0.001
  Sometimes 50 4.84 69 10.00
  Never 227 22.00 365 52.90
  Don’t know/Don’t answer 1 0.10 3 0.43
 Do you use spray or mosquito coil?
  Always 21 2.04 6 0.87 0.185
  Sometimes 18 1.75 15 2.17
  Never 990 96.02 666 96.52
  Don’t know/Don’t answer 2 0.19 3 0.43
  1. aOnly ≥6 years old
  2. bOnly <15 years old