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Table 2 Factors associated with Plasmodium infection in Bata district, Equatorial Guinea, June–August 2013

From: Malaria prevalence in Bata district, Equatorial Guinea: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Urban (n = 1031) Rural (n = 696)
No. (%) p value No. (%) p value
Individual characteristics
 Sex
  Male 165 36.59 0.115 194 65.54 0.002
  Female 185 31.90 216 54.00
 Age group
  ≤12 months 41 15.36 <0.001 60 46.15 <0.001
  13 months–5 years 119 37.54 133 67.86
  6–15 years 158 54.11 167 75.57
  ≥15 years 32 20.65 50 33.56
 Ethnic group
  Fang 292 34.68 0.053 361 60.27 0.168
  Combe 19 22.35 22 53.66
  Other 39 37.50 27 48.21
Household characteristics
 Family source of income
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector 6 54.55 0.309 95 62.09 0.373
  Employment as employee 198 33.45 155 62.00
  Self-employed 115 37.58 116 54.72
  Other 25 32.47 28 60.87
 Number of children
  ≤3 children 113 32.94 0.631 111 55.22 0.208
  >3 children 237 34.45 299 60.40
 Number of adults
  ≤12 adults 92 39.66 0.113 72 47.68 0.006
  3–4 adults 133 32.13 144 61.28
  ≥5 adults 125 32.47 194 62.58
Health status
 Did you have fever in the last 24 h?
  No 298 31.87 <0.001 343 56.79 0.007
  Yes 45 54.88 58 72.50
 Do you have any discomfort at present time
  No 293 32.38 0.004 308 57.46 0.090
  Yes 46 46.94 94 65.28
 Did you have malaria the last year?
  No 158 31.04 0.060 178 56.51 0.280
  Yes 186 36.61 220 60.61
 Current fever
  No 336 33.91 0.753 372 57.59 0.011
  Yes 11 36.67 38 76.00
Anaemia       
  No 32 20.92 <0.001 34 59.65 0.351
  Yes 290 39.14 328 65.86
Malaria related-behaviours
 Do you sleep outside the house?
  Always 2 15.38 0.071 8 47.06 0.265
  Sometimes 2 12.50 8 44.44
  Never 339 34.24 386 59.57
 Do you sleep under a bed net?
  Always 209 28.05 <0.001 122 48.61 <0.001
  Sometimes 13 26.00 32 46.38
  Never 121 54.02 249 68.22
 Do you use spray or mosquito coil?
  Always 10 47.62 0.051 3 50.00 0.469
  Sometimes 10 55.56 11 73.33
  Never 322 32.92 389 58.58