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Table 3 Multivariate logistic regression analysis of Plasmodium infection stratified by setting, Bata district, Equatorial Guinea, June–August 2013

From: Malaria prevalence in Bata district, Equatorial Guinea: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Urban (n = 1031) Rural (n = 696)
aOR 95 % CI p value aOR 95 % CI p value
Individual characteristics
 Sex
  Male NS NS NS NS NS NS
  Female
 Age group
  ≤12 months 1   1  
  13 months–5 years 3.57 (2.31–5.52) <0.001 2.44 (1.48–4.01) <0.001
  6–15 years 7.65 (4.89–11.97) <0.001 3.58 (2.16–5.93) <0.001
  ≥15 years 1.69 (0.62–4.59) 0.304 0.56 (0.33–0.95) 0.031
Ethnic group
  Fang 1   NS NS NS
  Combe 0.48 (0.26–0.90) 0.021
  Other 0.93 (0.55–1.56) 0.779
Household characteristics
 Number of adults
  ≤2 adults NS NS NS 1  
  3–4 adults 1.56 (0.98–2.48) 0.062
  ≥5 adults 1.74 (1.10–2.74) 0.017
Health status
 Did you have fever in the last 24 h?
  No 1 0.001 1  
  Yes 2.57 (1.45–4.55) 2.32 (1.32–4.08) 0.004
 Anemia
  No 1 <0.001 NS NS NS
  Yes 3.02 (1.92–4.76)
Malaria related-behaviours
 Do you sleep under a bed net?
  Always 1   1  
  Sometimes 0.56 (0.26–1.20) 0.135 0.80 (0.45–1.45) 0.468
  Never 2.20 (1.52–3.18) 0.000 1.77 (1.23–2.57) 0.002
Hosmer–Lemeshow test p = 0.623 p = 0.215