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Table 2 Non-adherence to anti-malarial treatment by self-reports and pill counts

From: Dispensing and determinants of non-adherence to treatment for non complicated malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum in high-risk municipalities in the Brazilian Amazon

Characteristic Non-adherence to anti-malarial treatment
Pill counts Self-reports
n (%) p value n (%) p value
Diagnosis
 P. vivax 24 (17.9) 0.012 12 (9.1) 0.014
 P. falciparum 12 (38.7) 8 (25.0)
First malaria episode
 Yes 2 (7.1) 0.044* 2 (7.1) 0.532*
 No 34 (24.8) 18 (13.3)
General well being in the present malaria episode
 Felt well/same as always 14 (20.6) 0.843 8 (11.8) 0.971
 Felt bad 21 (21.9) 11 (11.6)
First-line treatment
 Yes 35 (23.3 %) 0.195* 19 (12.8 %) 0.697*
 No 1 (6.7 %) 1 (6.7 %)
Adverse effects
 Yes 21 (22.1) 0.917 11 (11.7) 0.823
 No 15 (21.4) 9 (13.0)
Uses other medicines
 Yes 12 (22.6) 0.860 6 (11.3) 0.813
 No 24 (21.4) 14 (12.6)
Seeked professional care during treatment
 Yes 4 (25.0) 0.749* 4 (25.0) 0.096*
 No 31 (20.9) 15 (10.2)
  1. Mafalda project, 2007
  2. * Fischer’s exact test