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Table 1 Elimination history and goals of the nine case study countries

From: Strategies and approaches to vector control in nine malaria-eliminating countries: a cross-case study analysis

Country Elimination status Elimination history
Bhutan Eliminating Goal of zero transmission nationally by 2018; national malaria elimination certification by 2020
Cape Verde Eliminating Achieved zero cases 1968–72 but epidemic occurred during 1977–79. Second elimination attempt 1983–85, however epidemic occurred during 1987–88. Goal of national elimination by 2020
Malaysia Eliminating Goal of national elimination by 2020: elimination in West Malaysia by 2015 and elimination in Sabah and Sarawak by 2020
Mauritius Prevention of re-introduction First eliminated in 1969 and received WHO certification in 1973. Resurgence in 1975. Second elimination achieved by 1998
Namibia Eliminating Goal of national elimination by 2020
Phili-ppines Eliminating Strategy of progressive sub-national elimination with national elimination (all provinces) by 2025 (recently updated to 2030)
Sri Lanka Eliminating Near elimination in 1963, then an epidemic from 1967 to 68. Zero local cases reported since November 2012; will seek WHO certification by end of 2015
Turkey Prevention of re-introduction Most of the country in consolidation phase in 1974, followed by epidemics in 1977 and 1993–1996. Last indigenous cases reported in 2012 during outbreak
Turkmen-istan Prevention of re-introduction First eliminated in 1961. In most recent attempt, the last indigenous case occurred in 2004. Received WHO certification in 2010