Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Association of non-falciparum malaria overall with birth outcomes including placental malaria (PM), birth-weight and haemoglobin concentration

From: Non-falciparum malaria infections in pregnant women in West Africa

  No malaria infection Non-falciparum infection
  No. % No. %
No active PM 744 78.2 20 76.9
Active PM 207 21.8 6 23.1
Crude OR (95 % CI), p value [Reference] 1.06 (0.41, 2.76) 0.90
Adjusted OR (95 % CI), p value [Reference] 1.63 (0.58, 4.60) 0.36
Normal birth weight 1099 82.9 26 83.9
Low birth weight 227 17.1 5 16.1
Crude OR (95 % CI), p value [Reference] 0.97 (0.36, 2.57) 0.94
Adjusted OR (95 % CI), p value [Reference] 0.95 (0.35, 2.58) 0.92
  1. Crude odds ratios/differences are adjusted for country as an a priori covariate. Adjusted odds ratios/differences also adjust for gravidity, gestational age, age, education level, season of enrolment, and social economic status
  Mean SD Mean SD
Birth weight (kg) 2.85 0.48 2.78 0.31
Crude difference, grammes (95 % CI), p value [Reference] −57.7 (−227.7, 112.3) 0.51
Adjusted difference, grammes (95 % CI), p value [Reference] −51.9 (−220.8, 117.0) 0.54
Hb at final ANC 10.93 1.36 11.05 1.16
Crude difference, g/dL (95 % CI), p value [Reference] −0.09 (−0.64, 0.47) 0.76
Adjusted difference, g/dL (95 % CI), p value [Reference] 0.01 (−0.55, 0.56) 0.98
  1. Crude odds ratios/differences are adjusted for country as an a priori covariate. Adjusted odds ratios/differences also adjust for gravidity, gestational age, age, education level, season of enrolment, and social economic status