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Table 4 Association of non-falciparum malaria overall with birth outcomes including placental malaria (PM), birth-weight and haemoglobin concentration

From: Non-falciparum malaria infections in pregnant women in West Africa

  No malaria infection Non-falciparum infection
  No. % No. %
No active PM 744 78.2 20 76.9
Active PM 207 21.8 6 23.1
Crude OR (95 % CI), p value [Reference] 1.06 (0.41, 2.76) 0.90
Adjusted OR (95 % CI), p value [Reference] 1.63 (0.58, 4.60) 0.36
Normal birth weight 1099 82.9 26 83.9
Low birth weight 227 17.1 5 16.1
Crude OR (95 % CI), p value [Reference] 0.97 (0.36, 2.57) 0.94
Adjusted OR (95 % CI), p value [Reference] 0.95 (0.35, 2.58) 0.92
  Mean SD Mean SD
Birth weight (kg) 2.85 0.48 2.78 0.31
Crude difference, grammes (95 % CI), p value [Reference] −57.7 (−227.7, 112.3) 0.51
Adjusted difference, grammes (95 % CI), p value [Reference] −51.9 (−220.8, 117.0) 0.54
Hb at final ANC 10.93 1.36 11.05 1.16
Crude difference, g/dL (95 % CI), p value [Reference] −0.09 (−0.64, 0.47) 0.76
Adjusted difference, g/dL (95 % CI), p value [Reference] 0.01 (−0.55, 0.56) 0.98
  1. Crude odds ratios/differences are adjusted for country as an a priori covariate. Adjusted odds ratios/differences also adjust for gravidity, gestational age, age, education level, season of enrolment, and social economic status