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Table 3 Relationship between malaria, helminths, co-infection with anaemia in the study children population

From: Malaria, helminths, co-infection and anaemia in a cohort of children from Mutengene, south western Cameroon

Parameter Subclass % (n) Anaemia
Unadjusted p value OR 95 % CI Adjusted p value
Age group (years) <5 52.6 (199) <0.001 2.24 1.85–4.23 0.013
5–10 45.5 (172)   REF
Helminths status Positive 16.7 (63) 0.021 0.47 0.22–0.97 0.041
Negative 67.5 (255)   REF
Malaria parasitaemia status Positive 17.2 (65) 0.839 2.00 0.89–4.48 0.092
Negative 81 (306)   REF
Manifestation P+ M+ 2.9 (29) 0.008 4.45 1.66–11.94 0.003
P+ M− 12.7 (128) 0.001 2.42 1.81–3.08 <0.001
P− M− 84.1 (844)   REF
Haemoglobin genotype AA 51.9 (196) 0.911 0.78 0.35–1.73 0.541
AS 14 (53)   REF
Co-infection Status Yes 2.9 (11) 0.312 0.52 0.15–1.84 0.310
No 26.2 (99)   REF
Co-infection category P − HL 2.9 (11) 0.093 0.29 0.07–1.17 0.081
HL 13.2 (50) 0.037 0.36 0.14–0.90 0.029
P 13 (49)   REF
  1. Italic values represent statistically significant associations assessed by binary logistic regression
  2. P− M− mp negative and no clinical manifestation of malaria, P+ M− mp positive and no clinical manifestation of malaria, P+ M+ malaria cases (febrile, mp positive + at least one sign of malaria), P  HL Plasmodium–helminths co-infection, P Plasmodium alone, HL helminths alone