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Table 1 Dates of malaria decline and elimination in 31 European countries

From: Exploring the spatiotemporal drivers of malaria elimination in Europe

Country Decadal endpoint used to represent large malaria decline Decadal endpoint of malaria elimination Reported start year of malaria elimination programme Year of last reported indigenous case Year of WHO certification/estimate of malaria free status
Albania 1950 1970 1947 1966 2012
Austria 1920 1950    1963
Belarus 1950 1970 1951   2012
Belgium 1920 1950   1938 1963
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1950 1970 1947 1964 1973
Bulgaria 1950 1960 1947–1950 1957 (pf); 1960 (pv) 1965
Croatia 1950 1970 1947 1964 1973
Czech Republic 1950 1960    1963
Estonia 1950 1970 1951   2012
Finland 1920 1950   1954 1963
France 1920 1950   1950 2012
Germany 1920 1950   1950 1964
Greece 1960 1970 1946–1954 1973 2012
Hungary 1950 1960 1946 1962 1964
Italy 1950 1960 1930s; 1944–1945 1952 (pf); 1962 (pv) 1970
Latvia 1950 1970 1951   2012
Lithuania 1950 1970 1951   2012
Montenegro 1950 1970 1947 1964 1973
Netherlands 1950 1960 1946 1961 1970
Poland 1930 1960 After WW1; 1945 1955 1967
Portugal 1950 1960 1930; 1948 1958 1973
Moldova 1950 1970 1951   2012
Romania 1950 1970 1949 1962 1967
Russian Federation 1950 1970 1951   2012
Serbia 1950 1970 1947 1964 1973
Slovakia 1950 1960    1963
Slovenia 1950 1970 1947 1964 1973
Spain 1950 1960 1943 1962 1964
Macedonia 1950 1970 1947 1964 1973
Ukraine 1950 1970 1951   2012
UK 1920 1950 After WW1 1953 1963
  1. The decadal endpoint used to represent the ‘large malaria decline’ was defined by Fig. 2 and literature. The decadal endpoint of malaria elimination was dependent on the year of last reported indigenous cases and that of WHO certification/estimate of malaria free status [9, 54]. The reported start year of the malaria elimination programme indicates the beginning time of anti-malarial programmes [9]. An extended version of the Table is provided in Additional file 1