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Table 5 Results of Mann–Whitney tests comparing available candidate elimination driver variables in Europe at the time of malaria elimination versus current eliminating countries by continent

From: Exploring the spatiotemporal drivers of malaria elimination in Europe

Variable Americas Africa Asia
z p value z p value z p value
Temperature −4.7056 <0.0001 −4.0856 <0.0001 −3.1282 <0.01
Frost day frequency 4.7056 <0.0001 4.0103 <0.0001 2.4955 <0.05
Precipitation 4.7056 <0.0001 2.1275 <0.05 −1.113 0.2742
GDP −0.39466 0.7087 −0.35773 0.7403 −1.0896 0.2846
Life expectancy −4.311 <0.0001 1.0732 0.2989 −4.6516 <0.0001
Percentage urban population −1.3965 0.1698 0.39538 0.7126 0.59752 0.5621
Percentage urban area −1.3358 0.1898 0.50835 0.6317 1.4645 0.1477
Percentage cropland 3.218 <0.001 3.822 <0.0001 2.9642 <0.01
Percentage grassland −2.1555 <0.05 −1.0355 0.3167 1.3474 0.1838