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Table 4 Blood meal sources of the Anopheles species, Adami Tullu district

From: Malaria incidence and entomological findings in an area targeted for a cluster-randomized controlled trial to prevent malaria in Ethiopia: results from a pilot study

Anopheles species Collection venues No. analyzed N (HBI) Blood meals sources
Human N (HBI) Bovine N (BBI) Mixed N (MBI) Unknown N
An. arabiensis CDC-LT 24 (0.75) 15 (0.63) 6 (0.25) 3 (0.13) 0
PSC 48 (0.79) 35 (0.73) 10 (0.21) 3 (0.06) 0
Pit shelter 19 (0.37) 4 (0.21) 10 (0.53) 3 (0.16) 2 (0.11)
Total 91 (0.69) 54 (0.59) 26 (0.29) 9 (0.09) 2 (0.02)
An. pharoensis CDC-LT 7 (1.00) 6 (0.86) 0 1 (0.14) 0
PSC 2 (1.00) 2 (1.00) 0 0 0
Total 9 (1.00) 8 (0.89) 0 1 (0.11) 0
An. ziemanni CDC-LT 3 (0.67) 2 (0.67) 1 (0.33) 0 0
Pit shelter 3 (0.33) 0 2 (0.67) 1 (0.33) 0
Total 6 (0.50) 2 (0.33) 3 (0.50) 1 (0.17) 0
An. funestus Pit shelter 1 0 1 0 0
Overall Anopheles 107 (0.7) 64 (0.60) 30 (0.30) 11 (0.10) 2 (0.20)
  1. When computing for human blood index (HBI) and bovine blood index (BBI), mixed blood meals were added to the number of human blood and bovine blood meals. Mixed blood meals = human + bovine, unknown blood meals are negative for both human and bovine antibodies, show Soverall HBI
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