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Table 3 Construction workers’ mean malaria knowledge scores according to their socio-demographic variables and treatment-seeking pattern in Mangaluru, India, June–September 2012 (n = 119, maximum possible score = 16)

From: Construction site workers’ malaria knowledge and treatment-seeking pattern in a highly endemic urban area of India

Study variable n Mean knowledge score SD p
Age (years)
 <25 58 10.0 3.31 0.772
 ≥25 61 9.9 3.09  
Gender
 Female 18 6.7 2.77 <0.001a
 Male 101 10.5 2.91  
Type of worker
 Migrant 116 9.9 3.20 0.281b
 Local 3 12.0 2.65  
Stay at construction site
 Yes 89 10.1 3.03 0.533
 No 30 9.6 3.68  
History of malaria within 1 year
 Yes 55 11.3 2.71 <0.001a
 No 64 8.8 3.11  
Literacy status
 Illiterate 49 8.9 3.19 0.002a
 Literate 70 10.7 3.00  
Caste categoryc
 SC/ST 65 9.6 3.67 0.139
 General/OBC 54 10.4 2.46  
Marital status
 Unmarried 50 10.5 2.92 0.097
 Married 69 9.5 3.34  
Preferred source of treatment
 Government 83 10.6 2.9 0.004a
 Private 36 8.6 3.5  
Preferred treatment
 Allopathic 98 10.7 2.9 <0.001a
 Others 21 6.5 1.9  
  1. aSignificant (p < 0.05)
  2. bMann–Whitney U test
  3. c SC scheduled caste, ST scheduled tribe, OBC other backward caste